After Park’s arrest, the black community organised a Montgomery bus boycott, the boycott would not end until the city hired black bus drivers and the seats on the bus were by first come. The boycott followers decided to call themselves the “Montgomery Improvement Association” or (MIA). The MIA elected a leader by the name of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a newcomer to Montgomery. On the day Rosa Park’s trial, the boycott organisers handed out pamphlets telling all black people to not take the bus that day. That day, 40,000 black people walked to work in the poring rain, the boycott ending up lasting 382 days.
This led to a boycott of the Montgomery bus system, which began on December 5, 1955. The boycott lasted for a total of 382 days and ended when the case was sent to the Supreme Court which later ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional. This marked the very first victory of the Civil Rights Movement. The leader of the Civil Rights Movement was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a black Baptist minister. With the help of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People,) the African Americans were on their way to end segregation.
One such protest was the Montgomery Bus Boycott that occurred from 1955-56. This protest challenged the policy of bus segregation in the south. On the day of Rosa Parks trial almost the whole black community did not ride the busses. More than 66% of the riders on the busses were blacks, therefore, economically the protest hurt the bus company as the majority of the income came from black riders. Southern blacks simply stopped using the bus system to show that they weren't going to be treated unfairly, by the community, government and bus system.
In 1955 a year after the first Brown V. Board of Education case Rosa Parks stood her ground in a bus. Making another huge impact in the U.S. Causing boycotts and protests, mainly led by Martin Luther King Junior. The case even paved the way for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which was then followed by the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, both were monumental in the fight for Civil Rights. Private Schools even had to participate in the ruling also, In 1974, in the Runyon V. McCrary Court Case, the verdict was that if a private school didn't want to enroll a student because of race was violating civil right laws.
In one year Stokely took the number of registered black voters from 70 to 2,600, but unsatisfied with the response from the major political parties, he founded his own party and called it the Lowndes County Freedom Organization and chose a black panther for its logo. When he became the chairman for SNCC in 66’, he pulled the organization out of the White House Conference on Civil Rights, stating that they were ignoring the real problems faced by blacks. This left other leaders of the movement questioning his tactics. Roy Wilkins director of the NAACP said that “ “Black Power” can mean in the end black death,” Carl T. Rowan said that “Black Power was phony,” as well as Dr. King disagreeing with Stokelys tactics, yet he still worked with SNCC. With the “black power” slogan appealing to blacks across the country and symbols for black power were showing themselves more each day (the raised fist above the head) the strength of the movement was growing.
The Civil Rights Movement started and ended at 1955-1968. The major participants in the Civil Rights Movement were Rosa Parks, Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Really begins in Montgomery, Alabama of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The reason of this boycott was so that black people can sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being sent to the back of the bus when white people got on. But the most important person in the Montgomery boycott, by refusing to give up her seat to a white person that just got on the bus and after, she was arrested. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. then became the spokesman of the boycott.
African Americans were regarded as second-class people and were subject to various demeaning categorization, such as, segregated rest rooms, drinking fountains and being forced to ride only in the back of buses. The injustice was challenged by Rosa Parks, a mild mannered seamstress, was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger (Zastrow 403). This triggered a series of events that helped America recognize the injustice of racial segregation. Even though, black civil rights would only be enforced and respected over a decade later in the late 1960s when racial discrimination was banned in public places, polling stations, workplaces and
By December 1955, he accepted leadership of the first nonviolent demonstration – the famous Montgomery bus boycott of 1956. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, African Americans were allowed to sit where they chose on the buses. During the days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to abuse. Yet, despite it all, Dr. King became a forefront to the Civil Rights Movement.
King, another member of the NAACP, participated in many boycotts, marches, and rallies that united African American people and encourage them to fight together to end segregation and obtain their rights as equal citizens of the United States. Dr. King, most known for his non violence approach to civil rights became notable by becoming the voice of African American people. One of his most integral moments was the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. When Dr. King arrived in Montgomery in 1955 he immediately began a movement after civil rights activist Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat on a bus to a white woman. Dr. King was inspired by Parks enough to boycott the bus
The black people believed that President Kennedy was feeling bad for the civil rights movement more than his opponent, Richard Nixon. The Freedom Riders was that an interracial group would board buses destined for the South. The white people sit at the back and the blacks at the front. When it was mother’s day on May 14, the Freedom Riders split up into two groups to travel through Alabama. The first groups met up with about 200 angry Mob in Anniston.