Task 3: Historical Systems of Power, Governance, and Authority Part A The rise of imperialism in India by the British occurred in the mid-18th century. Because India was abundant in wares such as tea, spices and cloth, the European countries wanted to take advantage of this great opportunity. There was a confrontation between the British and French trading companies and the British won which led to the occupation of India (Aggarwal, 2013). This imperialism in India was very lucrative for Britain which made them want to intensify their influence and command over the people of India. This influence disregarded and ignored the Indian’s customs, traditions and culture which led to the resentment of the British.
As England tried to hold its grip on the becoming independent colonies, Britain was in need of a centralized colonial government that should have been established from the beginning. Due to the great distance between America and England and its inefficient policies, the colonies had a great deal of freedom. When Britain decided to enforce their influence and rule on America following the Seven Years War, there was many areas of disagreement that eventually lead to the American Revolution. Following the victory of the French and Indian War, Britain gained control of half of the continent by the scratch of a pen (94). Britain's national debt doubled during the course of the war and the cost of extended empire cause a dramatic increase in the cost of living.
Revolutionary Americans resented the economic restrictions, finding them exploitative. They claimed the policy restricted colonial trade and industry and raised the cost of many consumer goods. In his 1774 pamphlet, "A Summary View of the Rights of British America, " Thomas Jefferson asserted the Navigation Acts had infringed upon the colonists' freedom in preventing the "exercise of free trade with all parts of the world, possessed by the American colonists, as of natural right." Yet, as O. M. Dickerson points out, it is difficult to find opposition to the mercantile system among the colonists when the measures were purely regulatory and did not levy a tax on them. The British mercantile system did after all allow for colonial monopoly over certain markets such as tobacco, and not only encouraged, but with its 1660 regulation was instrumental in, the development of colonial shipbuilding.
The Opium War (1839-1842) was now in full effect. For the British, the war was seen as an upholding of free trade, and national honor (in the face of the backwards Chinese), while for the Chinese the war was viewed as a fight against opium and British authority. With the advancement of British troops in northern China, the Qing emperor became increasingly dissatisfied with Commissioner Lin, leading to his expulsion and exile. Although Lin was quickly replaced by a new governor general Ch’-i-shan, he too was dismissed when agreements made between the British forces and himself were deemed inadequate (i.e. the Ch’uan-Pi Convention).
The colonist of America to their self no bigger believed they were or wanted to be British citizens so the Americans dragged Britain in 1775 by starting the revolution and the creating their own government in 1776. The French revolution on the other hand was start by a group out of the third estate made of merchants, artisans and professional known as the bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie brake out in revolution due to tour major events: desire for a wider political role, the wish for -restraints on the power of clergy, monarchy and aristocracy, population growth and the Poor harvest of 1787-1788. The methods taken by the Americans and the French to achieve revolution were just as different as the causes of each revolution. On the American
India didn’t have the strength to build up their own civilization, so when the British came, they gave them aid in creating one. According to document 2, some positive affects for India during the imperialism were a British system of government. This was known as a “knife of sugar”. This means that the system was very smooth and had no oppression. The British introduced a parliamentary system of government to the Indians.
Therefore, he divided the people in the Roman territory into districts and townships depending on location, with the four in the city called city tribes while in other in other parts called rural tribes, and all paid taxes and served in the military. He also organized people into classes called centuries, with regard to their wealth. Although this arrangement was meant for military purposes, it transformed to the political character, with the wealthiest level of century becoming the political and the legislative body. This arrangement saw Rome be stronger, more united, better organized than before, and gain power over its
The act also emplaced the Tariff of 1922. Intended to simply protect the American market, the tariff ended up completely barring the country from European goods. Harding was an advocate of big business, and passed different acts in support of big business. Mellon enacted several Revenue Acts, which lowered taxes on businesses and put them under less government regulation. This support for big business caused an expansion in the overall consumerism of the country.
During the same years that Britain had lost its colonies in North America, it had established itself as the ruler of India. Initially the British achieved their domination of India through the East India Company, a private company of merchants chartered in 1600. In the late 18th-century the Company expanded its authority across India by warfare and negotiation. In response, the Hindus founded the Indian National Congress in 1885 with the goals of modernizing Indian life and liberalizing British Policy. After World War I, the Indian nationalist movement got
The British throne, trying to pay off it's war debts and for the cost of protecting the colonists from local Native Americans, decided to impose taxes on the American colonists. There was the Revenue Act of 1764 (known to the US as the Sugar Act) that taxed sugar, silks, and wine, the Stamp Tax (imposed later because the Revenue Act did not bring in enough money) which taxed local papers and print services. The