Historical Systems of Power, Governance, and Authority

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Task 3: Historical Systems of Power, Governance, and Authority Part A The rise of imperialism in India by the British occurred in the mid-18th century. Because India was abundant in wares such as tea, spices and cloth, the European countries wanted to take advantage of this great opportunity. There was a confrontation between the British and French trading companies and the British won which led to the occupation of India (Aggarwal, 2013). This imperialism in India was very lucrative for Britain which made them want to intensify their influence and command over the people of India. This influence disregarded and ignored the Indian’s customs, traditions and culture which led to the resentment of the British. One of the initial goals of the British was to create a population that spoke the same language at their ruler – English. This did not go over well with the people of India and led to the Indian resentment of British imperialism. Although India was very much multi-lingual, the English language was spoken mainly by the more educated Indians who belonged to a more advantaged and privileged caste. The individuals in this caste were considered the most significant people in terms of nationalist thoughts and ideas (Aggarwal, 2013). Because of their occupation, the British were able to obtain more land and acquire raw materials which helped their imperialism spread throughout the country. India was able to provide the British with the materials and supplies necessary for industrialization and trading throughout the world. Calcutta became a naval port and was utilized for trading. The British took full advantage of this opportunity as it was quite lucrative (Aggarwal, 2013). Additionally, the British had to create a larger military to protect “their” India from other forces that may want to take over also. The British had the military support

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