Hernan Cortes led the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire with a little more than 500 Spaniard soldiers; he was fighting on enemy territory and against an Empire of around 15 million people. It wasn’t just one or a couple things that came into play to help Cortes defeat the Aztecs but a series of events and a series of luck on Cortes’s part. Many different events led to Cortes gaining the upper hand in the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire. The Aztecs were thought as barbarians by the people of Mexico due to their traditions of human sacrifices. The reason this is important is because it gave Cortes the opportunity to act as a hero to the people of Mexico.
How it affected their people and some of the surrounding people and justification by the Spanish for war against the Aztecs. Secondly, what the Aztecs believed to be the return of the god Quetzalcoatl, the Spanish conquistador, Cortes and his Spanish army. Disease played a huge part in the fall. Small pox brought upon the Spanish spread quickly to the people and no cure for the disease was known therefore leading to many deaths. Lastly, the skillful tactics used by Hernan Cortes that leads to the surrender of the last Aztec emperor.
This was a major tragedy for both, the Aztecs and Incas, because they botch declined and were quickly conquers by someone else. Both empires were conquered by the Europeans. The Aztec attack was done by Hernan Cortes, and the Incas was Francisco Pizzaro. Both Europeans brought over armies with advances weapons taking over the civilizations. There was nothing that the Aztecs nor the Incas could do, but just give up.
Spain on the other hand felt that the native people were not using the land to it's full potential. It was their obligation to put the land to better use. Through the generations of colonization and invasion, both the Spanish Empire and the native people met several ups and downs. Spain initially conquered many of the Natives such as the Aztecs and the Pueblos. Eventually the Pueblos blamed the Spanish for their hardships and misfortunes because of the fact that the Spanish had, in a sense, outlawed their ancient rituals and ceremonies.
The arrival of the Europeans gave the natives smallpox, which weakened the natives and made it easier for the conquistadores to take over what was left. Smallpox—the diseases that so ravaged Tenochtitlan on the eve of Cortes’s final siege— Balolong Page 2 was a particularly efficient killer (doc 7). With smallpox taking down much of the population all over the America’s the natives can’t effectively fight back without uniting because of their small numbers, but since they did not unite they were easily conquered. Clearly, the secret weapon of the conquistadores was their great weapon. They would make fine servants… With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want (doc 1).
Marat wrote in a way that change will begin after the king’s execution – “long live the republic”. This is what the revolutionaries wanted to hear. The priest’s account of the execution placed the king in a positive light, as innocent and peaceful. The revolutionaries did not care for the king as they saw him as a tyrant. Thus, the priest’s account was made public after Marat’s account, when the revolution came to an end – when differing opinions from the revolutionaries did not get one guillotined.
Rodolfo Acuna also mentions that in Cortez’s spread of Christianity and destruction of indigenous religion, he burned 400,000 manuscripts and destroyed 20,000 idols. After the invasion, the catholic church became the ”colonial religious institution”. The Catholic God then replaced all of the indigenous gods by Cortez’s choice. This caused a major effect on indigenous beliefs, they were forced to worship a God they never had before, they were forced to stop worshiping the Gods they did in fact believed on and their religious views were dramatically changed. Although the pope at the time had prohibited slavery, he stated that natives could only be enslaved if they were cannibals, therefore the Spaniards justified the enslavement of natives with the claim that they were cannibals.
He knew his untrained army could not be able to beat the best in the world, but he went and tried anyway. Crassus was a man who did not want people to have power. He wanted to kill Spartacus and the slave army before they tried to end slavery. As a general of the Roman Army, which was the strongest army in history at the time, he led the army to conquer the whole Mediterranean lands. He underestimated the slave army because of what they were.
Some of the things they spent it on were golden statues of themselves, banquets that were very expensive and clothes made out of the finest, unique fabrics instead of trying to develop the infrastructure of Rome. By spending so much money on themselves, they had to raise the taxes so they could carry on paying for their own well-being. As they raised the taxes, less people could pay for their well-being such as food, which caused another problem, poverty. Furthermore, another problem was how much money the Roman Empire spent on creating new buildings, which were built on people’s land. But the empire were very inconsiderate and silly as people were paying the taxes by growing and harvesting crops which they would sell to the markets in order to pay for the taxes.
We can easily observe a serious competition between the gods in the creation of human beings. There were also big violence and conflicts, like when Marduck destroyed the primeval Goddess Tiamat and created the heavens and earth from her body. Similarly to the nature, Mesopotamian gods were unpredictable. People considered the unpredictable river floods and weather changes as punishments from the gods. Because of these pessimistic beliefs, people believed that there is no life after death and human beings were created to serve Gods.