“How Constantine rose to Power” When his father was made Caesar, Constantine was left at the court of the emperor Diocletian, where he was under the watchful eye of Galerius, who was Caesar with Constantius. When Diocletian and Maximian resigned in 305, Constantius and Galerius became emperors. Constantius requested that Constantine be sent to him in Britain, and Galerius reluctantly complied. Constantius died at York the next year. There, his soldiers proclaimed Constantine emperor, but much rivalry for the vacated office ensued.
As Wand believed, “This battle marks an epoch, for it helped to make the first Christian Empire and so affected the history of European civilisation down to the present time”. After their joint edict of toleration to all citizen AD313, Licinius began a renewal of persecution against Christians in AD319 believing their loyalty lay with Constantine. A final conflict ensued in AD324 in which Constantine was victorious and assumed as the sole emperor of the Roman Empire until his death in May AD337. After the Battle of the Mivilian Bridge, the Edict of Milan was expanded to include the East where according to Wand, “Christians were far more numerous” in which religious toleration to all, especially Christians was noted. It is a possibility that Contantine had Christian family members with his half sister being called Anastasia, meaning resurrection and he would have encountered Christians within Diocletian's courts.
The Hellenistic Period When the Hellenistic Period emerges in 323BC, Alexander the Great is the reigning conqueror. His father, Philip of Macedon, had united the Grecian states and was driving back the Persian forces out of Asia Minor. As the pressure mounts, he is assassinated during a festival. Alexander succeeded his father’s leadership and
What was the short term significance of the Battle of Actium on Roman society between 31BC to 11BC? The Battle of Actium was the final battle of the Roman Republic. On September 2nd the forces of Octavian Caesar defeated the combined navies of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. This victory solidified Augustus as the supreme leader of Rome and its subordinate states. In the next twenty years it’s clear to see the effects of Augustus’s victory on Roman society.
The Fall of Constantinople marked the end of the Byzantine Empire, an empire which had lasted for over 1,100 years. The conquering of Constantinople allowed the Ottoman Empire to rise up as one of the longest-running modern empires in history. Mehmed II of the Ottoman Turks also known as "The Conqueror" was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. He got the name "Conqueror" after the conquest of Istanbul in 1453. In 1451 he devoted himself to strengthening the Ottoman navy, and in the same year made preparations for the taking of Constantinople.
Evaluate the significance of the death of Caesar and the Battle of Actium in the establishment of the Augustan principate. Gaius Octavius (Octavian), later known as Augustus was the first Emperor to rule Rome, and the founder of the Roman Empire. He was also solely responsible for the establishment of the Augustan Principate, a constitutional framework that was formed as a result of specific events occurring throughout his life, the most significant of which being the death of Julius Caesar, and the Battle of Actium. During his time, Julius Caesar took a particular liking to Octavian. Octavian’s father had died when he was only young, and Caesar willingly took on the role.
The Roman Empire reached its zenith in 117 AD under Emperor Trajan of the Antonine dynasty. The empire encompassed lands from modern day England to Egypt, and had a population of up to sixty-five million people, roughly twenty-one percent of the world’s population in the second century. Roman influence was adopted throughout all its lands and helped shape modern day Western society. Events that attributed to the decline of the Western Roman Empire began as early as 9 CE. Within this essay three different authors’ interpretations of three topics will be discussed: Christianity and its effect on the Western Empire, barbarians affect on the Roman military, and the splitting of the empire.
Essay 1 – Marcus Aurelius BOOK ONE and BOOK TWO Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, more commonly known as Marcus Aurelius, was a Roman Emperor from 121 to 180 AD. During 161 to 169 he was a co-emperor with Lucius Verus. Marcus Aurelius was said to be the last of the five good emperors of Rome. In the fifty-nine years that he was an emperor, Marcus did many things with the best interests of Rome in mind. His empire defeated the Parthian Empire in the East, took over the capital of Ctesiphon, also won the Marcomannic War, and suppressed a revolt in the East that was led by Avidius Cassius.
The Life and Times of Marcus Junius Brutus The Roman Republic reached the conclusion of its existence starting with the reign of Julius Caesar around 50 BCE. The transition period that ended with the rule of Octavian was marred by civil war and political upheaval. The civil war began with Julius Caesar boldly crossing the Rubicon in defiance of Pompey and the Republicans. Throughout the war that would ultimately end with Pompey and the Optimates being crushed at Pharsalus in 48 BCE, Marcus Junius Brutus, descendent of the great Lucius Junius Brutus, sided with his former enemy Pompey in defense of the Republic. Despite this treason, he was granted full pardon from Julius Caesar who had always held him in high esteem.
Introduction: • Gaius Octavius was born in 63BCE and was the great nephew of Julius Caesar. Caesar took Octavius under his wing, having him elected to the College of Pontiffs and enrolling him in to the Patrician Aristocracy. When Octavius learned Caesar had been assassinated he also found out that Caesar has adopted him and named him his heir. Octavius took on Caesar’s name and became Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius but was known simply as Octavian. • The situation in Rome toward the end of the Republican period was that the country’s senate had lost majority of its power.