Arch of Titus

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The Arch of Titus Name Institution The monument in picture A is known as the arch of Titus. It is located in Rome to the south east of the roman forum. It was erected in 82 AD by the Roman Emperor Domitian shortly after the death of his older brother Titus to commemorate Titus' victories, including the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD. In 66 AD, Jewish Zealots started a revolt against the roman occupation of Judea. Rome sent Vespasian to suppress the revolt. Vespasi’s son, Titus was renowned for his military prowess and he took control of the besieging troops after his father became emperor. Jerusalem finally fell in 70AD and the revolt ended after the fall of the Massada fortress in 72AD. In 1822, Giuseppe Valadier dismantled and reconstructed the arch as directed by pope Pius VII (the seventh). Titus became the emperor of the Roman Empire in 79 AD. He later died two years later in September 81 AD. His brother and successor, Domitian commissioned the construction of the arch on that year to honor his late brother and to commemorate the roman victory in the Jewish war. The construction ended in 85AD with large festivities marking its dedication. The arch of Titus is fifteen meters tall and is located at the highest point of the via sacra. Currently, it is the oldest surviving sample of a roman arch. The inside of the arch bears various reliefs. The depiction present in picture B is one of these reliefs. It shows the triumphal procession with the spoils taken from the second temple in Jerusalem. In this picture, the romans are shown carrying the menorah (a seven-branched candelabrum), the tables of shrew bread, and the silver trumpets. The trumpets were supposed to herald the second coming of Jesus Christ. The other relief is of Titus riding a chariot accompanied by the goddess roma and the goddess Victoria. The frieze has inscriptions reading “SENATVS POPVLVSQVE
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