Intertestamental Period Essay

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY INTERTESTAMENTAL PERIOD A PAPER SUBMITTED TO IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE NBST525 LIBERTY THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY BY LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA INTRODUCTION The Intertestamental Period consists of approximately 400 years that transpired between the Old Testament canon and the New Testament history. Between the Medo-Persian and the Roman period is the Grecian period, each playing a huge role in significant changes which link the Old Testament and New Testament. The purpose of this paper is to examine this period and give some insight and understanding to the origins, developments, customs and institutions that are found in Palestine during the time of Jesus. There is little doubt that they reveal the manner in which God prepared the Jews and the world for the advent of the Savior. At the beginning of the four decades, “the temple of Zerubbabel was the center of worship, but in the days of Jesus the temple of Herod had replaced it.” Alexander the Great rose to power and brought with him the ideas of the Greek culture and language. With Hellenism came superstitions, intellectual freedom, Greek architecture, athletics and a myriad of gods. When Jesus arrives on the scene, Rome is now the mighty military force and Herod the Great is a main character trying to extinguish the life of the arriving messiah. Jesus grows up in a world that has religious tensions and conflicts of beliefs between the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essences, Herodians and Zealots. The Hellenistic Period When the Hellenistic Period emerges in 323BC, Alexander the Great is the reigning conqueror. His father, Philip of Macedon, had united the Grecian states and was driving back the Persian forces out of Asia Minor. As the pressure mounts, he is assassinated during a festival. Alexander succeeded his father’s leadership and
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