Apush 1993 Dbq (New England vs. Chesapeake)

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1993 DBQ After England established claims to the American lands, the vast tracts of land attracted immigration for various reasons during the 17th century. The significant settlements developed in the New England region in the north and the Chesapeake region towards the south. New England was primarily developed by the Puritans, who immigrated during the Great (Puritan) Migration between 1630s and 1640s to escape the religious persecution in Anglican England. Puritans led their lives based on strong beliefs, such as predestination – belief that one being saved was already determined by God. Unlike New England, the Chesapeake region developed a society that was not primarily dependent on religion; most of these people came to America to seek economic prosperity. From the beginning, New England and the Chesapeake region were deviating, which was caused mostly by the fact that settlers developed a society around different goals– that is developing a religious, communal society in New England and seeking gold or cultivating crops for economic prosperity in Chesapeake; in addition, different climate and response to economic gap also contributed to the regions’ differences. New England maintained a strong, communal identity while the Chesapeake remained widely scattered. When New England settlers first arrived, they had strong ties to religion. John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts, emphasized in his sermon that they were to be “a city upon a hill”, where everyone can see them and can be represented as a model Christian community (Doc A), which would also shame England into truly reforming the Church of England. Unlike the Puritans, settlers in Chesapeake were blinded by thoughts of seeking gold, in which they did not find any (Doc F). Most of the Puritans came as families (Doc B) because they believed that society’s foundation rested not on the

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