American Territorial Expansion

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Between 1785 and 1829, the cultures of Native Americans were greatly changed by American territorial expansion. Attempted reforms made by whites to change the Native American ways greatly altered their culture and way of living while expansion led to the loss of Indian land. American settlers attempted to reform the Native Americans by introducing them to Christianity and their reaction was "we only want to enjoy our own" religion (C). The Native Americans agreed that together that this could not be imposed on them without full consent by stating "any sale not made by all is not valid"(D). They believed that "the white people have no right to take the land from the Indian, because they had it first; it is theirs"(D). The U. S. portrayed the Native Americans as savages and in a 1785 treaty, white Americans were not allowed to "attempt to settle on any of the lands westward or southward of the said boundary"(B). The United States promised them land that no American citizen was permitted to enter. However, the U.S. government treated these agreements as something of little importance and continuously violated them. They began to remove the Indians on the accusation that the Native Americans did not respect "the power of the United States of America” (E) President Andrew Jackson stated, "We bleed our enemies in such cases to give them their senses" (E). He called them enemies and felt justified to remove them. In 1790, most of the land west of the Appalachian Mountains was unsettled but after the War of 1812, there was a great increase in population (A). The increase was due to the conquest of Indian land by the U. S. Army. In 1794, the U. S. Army defeated the Shawnee, Wyandot, and other Native American tribes at the battle of Fallen Timbers in northwestern Ohio. In the year to come the chiefs agreed to a treaty. This Treaty stated that the Native Americans were to

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