| Andrew Jackson | Native American Removal Act of 1930 | | Howard, Tia | 12/9/2011 | | Early in the 19th century, while the rapidly growing United States expanded into the lower south, white settlers faced what they considered a great obstacle, Native Americans. The Indian Removal Act, part of an American government policy, was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 26, 1830. The Removal Act was strongly supported in the south, where states were eager to gain access to lands inhabited by the Five Civilized Tribes: the Cherokee, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw, and the Seminole. These Indian nations, in the view of the settlers and many other white Americans, were standing in the way of progress. Eager for land to raise cotton, the settlers pressured the federal government to acquire the Indian Territory.
Three distinct positions were taken on this issue. The South, as one would conclude, pushed to make the new territories slave states. The North stood opposed to this subject, and various other parties wanted to try a new idea called popular sovereignty. The first attempt to settle this territorial dispute was a settlement called the Compromise of 1820, which was also known as the Missouri Compromise. This compromise was formed at a time when there was equal give and take method between slave and Free states, with eleven of each.
Western Settlement Essay Western settlement destroyed traditional Native American ways of life through, moving into traditional homelands of the Native Americans, traditional ways of the Native Americans were destroyed. Western settlement destroyed the traditional use of the buffalo by hiring men to kill off buffalo. And finally, traditions and religious practices were destroyed by the absorbtion of Native American culture to western and Christianity practices. Through moving into the traditional homelands of the Native Americans were destroyed because the lands were taken by the western settlers. In 1830 the railroad expansion from 73 miles in 1830 to 30,636 miles in 1860 which trespassed into Native American homelands, violating the treaty of Fort Laramine.
The interactions between Settlers and Native Americans can best be described as a shameful episode of American history. Over the course of 100 years, Native Americans were subjected to shameful acts including brutal treatment, broken treaties, and the destruction of their culture by white Settlers. The first century of the United States is filled with shameful words and acts of brutality toward Native American cultures. Founding fathers and ‘heroes’ such as George Washington and Thomas Jefferson referred to Native Americans as “Wolves and beasts” and advocated efforts to “Pursue them to extermination.” These were not empty threats, as his actions toward Native Americans earned Washington the nickname “Destroyer of towns” as he promoted the slaughter of natives both hostile and otherwise. After that, future President Andrew Jackson promoted the wholesale slaughter and mutilation of natives in the 1830s, ordering his men to cut the noses off hundreds of slain natives to provide accurate body counts.
The Monroe Doctrine, a policy of the United States introduced on December 2, 1823, expressed the idea, among other important foreign policy objectives, that new countries should be allowed to develop without interference from stronger nations. It stated that future efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression (USDS Basic Readings). Some of the major events that caused President James Monroe and his secretary of state, John Quincy Adams to develop this Doctrine concerned South American countries and their newly achieved independence. „The end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 marked the breakup of the Spanish empire in the New World. Between 1815 and 1822 Jose de San Martin led Argentina to independence, while Bernardo O'Higgins in Chile and Simon Bolivar in Venezuela guided their countries out of colonialism.
Due to the whites chasing away buffalo and game, some hotheaded Indians started raiding wagon trains, killing and scalping and plundering. The whole East started to resent the “savages”. Emigrants also wanted protection. Little Wolf sometimes restrained his warriors with a pony whip, and he did not like the abuses he saw (Millard, 1964, p. 45). The Indians ended up killing innocents out of anger and revenge.
There was a leader of the slaves her name was nunu. She had a son who was considered enemy because his father was white and raped nunu. She was the one that started a group that would go out at night and try to plan a way to get out of the farm. Shola had a person that she loved his name was shango and he was against the slavery system all together. Nunu son was with the system because he was the head of all the slaves and was the one who had to punish the slaves if they got in trouble.
Lincoln tried to raise a army of 75,000 miltia men after the fall of Fort Sumter(Civil War). Lincoln tried to get a rough draft of the Emancipation Proclamation through Congress. On January 1, 1863, The Emancipation Proclamation was put into law and the document said that slaves could now join the army to preserve the Union(Civil War). The Proclamation didn’t free no slave, it was just a guideline that said they should fight to end slavery. To quote from the Emancipation Proclamation, “ slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” This is saying that slaves should be free, if not, then they are to be free by military forces.” This is how Lincoln found a new motive for the Union army to fight.
This led to Indian suffrage and deaths of thousands of Native Americans. The Indians called this the trail of tears, describing it as a journey that sickened and starved them. Some Indians tribes, like the Cherokees, tried to resist the acts and made treaties to protect them. But they were brutally harassed and angered. Indians depicted it as becoming denationalized as document H explains.
When his family was wiped out by Mexicans and bounties of $25-100 were offered for Apache scouts, he rebelled, stating that, “His heart would ache for revenge.” As a cunning warrior, he led effective guerilla campaigns against the settlers, army and Mexicans for 35 years. This film deftly details the determined efforts of a small Chiricahua Apache band to resist the encroachment into their land of Mexicans, miners, ranchers, farmers, settlers and the U.S. government, as they sought to exploit it for profit and settlement. This is a familiar tragic tale in US history, but, in this case, the harsh treatment and intensity of hatred were exceptional in the wars against the Apaches. As documented with haunting black & white photos, letters, books, journals and newspaper accounts, it is an unpleasant story of cruelty, prejudice and betrayal. The government eventually won the war and moved the Apaches as prisoners to unhealthy reservations far away in Florida and later Oklahoma.