# Acct 505 Case Study 1

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Case Study 1 Springfield Express is a luxury passenger carrier in Texas. All seats are first class, and the following data are available: Number of seats per passenger train car 90 Average load factor (percentage of seats filled) 70% Average full passenger fare \$ 160 Average variable cost per passenger \$ 70 Fixed operating cost per month \$3,150,000 a. What is the break-even point in passengers and revenues per month? Contribution Margin/Passenger = 160 -70 Contribution margin ratio = 160- 70/ 160 Break Even Points in Units = (Total Fixed Costs + Target Profit )/Contribution Margin Break-even for passengers: (3,150,000 + 0) / (160-70):35000 Break Even Points in Sales = (Total Fixed Costs + Target Profit )/Contribution Margin Ratio Break-even for revenues: (3,150,000 + 0)/ (90/160): \$5,600,000 b. What is the break-even point in number of passenger train cars per month? 1 car loaded by 70%, and there are 90 seats. Per month, the break-even for passengers is 35000. .7 * 90= 63 passengers, 35000/63 Break-even for number of cars 555.5555556: 556 c. If Springfield Express raises its average passenger fare to \$ 190, it is estimated that the average load factor will decrease to 60 percent. What will be the monthly break-even point in number of passenger cars? 190 -70 = 120 90 * .6 = 54 Break-even for number of cars: (3,150,000 +0)/ (120) = 26250 26250/54 : 486 d. (Refer to original data.) Fuel cost is a significant variable cost to any railway. If crude oil increases by \$ 20 per barrel, it is estimated that variable cost per passenger will rise to \$ 90. What will be the new break-even point in passengers