Woodrow Wilson - Essay War Message to Congress

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Woodrow Wilson War Message to Congress The document under-scrutiny is an excerpt from a speech delivered by the President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson to Congress on April 2, 1917. Until 1917 the United States had remained neutral in the conflict which opposed the European leaders. At the very beginning of the month of April 1917, Wilson called the Congress into an extraordinary session in order to ask for a declaration of war against Germany, following the intensification of the submarine warfare between the USA and Germany who threatened the American business with Europe (or more precisely the Entente, composed of France and Great Britain, joined by Russia) Four days later, on April 6, 1917, Congress overwhelmingly passed the War Resolution took by Wilson which brought the U.S into the Great War. This decision may seem surprising when we figure out that Wilson has been elected president for the second time in 1916 for four years with the slogan “he kept us out of war” as he was known for wanting to avoid the conflict at all cost with his strict neutrality program since he is an advocate for democracy and world peace. So we may wonder whether Wilson managed to create a balance between the preservation of the interests of the United States and the creation of the peace conditions in the world. To answer our questioning, our analysis will fall in two parts: firstly, we will study how Wilson, a tormented pacifist, succeeded in putting an end to the U.S policy of isolationism. And lastly, we will see that he laid the foundation of peace by declaring war, which is quite ambiguous. I/ Wilson, the tormented pacifist, puts an end to the US policy of isolationism When World War 1 broke out in Europe in the summer of 1914, Wilson formally proclaimed the neutrality of the US, a position that a vast majority of Americans favored on August 4, 1914 as
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