Some philosophers such as Ayer argue that experience cannot provide a stable base for the indication of reality because it is the interpretation of the experience that we are hearing for the experiencer, therefore we can never have concrete evidence that that is how the experience occurred. These criticisms are answered by the Principles of Credulity and Testimony. The principle of Credulity claims that if it seems something is so, one should assume it is true. There is therefore no difference between normal and religious experience. These claims do not prove the existence of God, but they are common enough (25-35% of the population have claimed to be "aware of a presence or power beyond themselves") that they provide a reasonable probability God exists.
SMART goals When establishing our goals we can use the SMART acronym to identify the specific information we will need for the planning stage. S = SPECIFIC Goals need to be something specific in order for us to be able to visualise them. Often we set goals that are so loose, it's nearly impossible to judge whether we achieve them or not. For example, a statement like "I will lose weight" is too vague. How will you know if and when you've reached your goal?
‘Religious Language is meaningless’ Discuss Religious language is the communication of ideas, words and practices used to describe god. Some deem religious language meaningless as there is simply no way we can verify it whereas others see it from different perspective. This is due to many different forms of language linked with religion; cognitive and non cognitive, synthetic and analytical, univocal, equivocal and analogy. Synthetic, equivocal and non cognitive all would enforce the concept that religious language is subjective and that we are able to gain better knowledge of god from what he is not than what he is. Those supporting these points have been 19th century philosophers A.J Ayer and Antony Flew however their argument is apposed by those who believe it is meaningful as we simply do not know how to falsify the language.
Myth, symbol, and ritual should not be looked at as one being more important than the other in religion. Religion as a whole can be seen as several smaller parts that work together. If we were to think of religion symbolically as a human body, then myth, symbol, and ritual are its parts. Without one of them, the body may survive, but not without complications, and definitely not to its fullest potential. For the purposes of this paper I may to refer figuratively to “myth” as being the feet of the body.
Please note that I am going by the sub heading or passage description in my Bible. In John 10:34, 35 Jesus clearly believed that scripture was inspired and I have no trouble believing God inspired it. The epistemological and biblical arguments stand out as the most convincing in the article. Mr. Andrew did a good job of changing how the epistemological argument was made by asking the likelihood instead of using circular reasoning. This argument gained ground in my thinking once he argued it inductively.
Only McCloskey knows why he wrote this article with his reasons for not believing as he did write this piece as if he had been appointed to provide why and what their foundational arguments are against theists’ beliefs in God. To say that proofs do not prove the existence of God, is not justifying the evidence. According to Foreman, we must justify the evidence, distinguish the specific actions, how these actions universal judgments concerning right or wrong, and formulate ethical views in the evidence. Just because a proof is stated doesn’t mean it’s valid. We need to investigate and see why it is valid or invalid.
Critically assess with reference to William James the arguments from religious experience. William James, in his book ‘The Varieties of Religious Experience: a study in human nature’ concludes that religious experiences are at the heart of religions whereas religious teachings, practices and attitudes are ‘second hand’ religion, and develop later as individuals reflect on their common experience. The experiences are true religion. William James aims to show that religious experiences are telling of some kind of divine order which transcends normal reality. James analysed a range of religious experiences, though in particular mystical experiences.
(Premise) 2. A fetus is an innocent human life. (Premise) 3. Therefore abortion is morally impermissible (From 1 and 2) Instead of continuing the seemingly endless argument on whether the right to life is more important than the right to one’s body, Warren offers a different perspective by disagreeing with premise 2. By examining the views on abortion of Marry Anne Warren, this paper will argue that abortion is morally permissible on the grounds that early fetuses, though they are genetically human, are not persons (members of the moral community).
Just like a religious believer who states “god loves us” but can’t explain the contradiction of evil in the world, believers qualify their statements by explaining god’s love is not like humans love he calls this “death by a thousand qualifications”. Therefore religious language is meaningless. However religion has responded to the falsification principle. R.B Braithwaite argued that the falsification principle explains religious language as cognitive when it if in fact non cognitive and therefore cannot be falsified, religious language is therefore still meaningful. Hare also responds to the falsification principle, showing that religious statements are meaningful even though they cannot be falsified because they have a significant impact for the people using the statement.
With my mind I need to ask myself both how much of what Bonk writes is correct and also what are the practical implications of what he writes for my life. In some cases I need to ask myself whether Bonk goes too far or not far enough. I need with my mind to ask myself what the scriptures really say. I need to ask myself what response to his Word, in both the Old and New Testaments, God requires of me. I must recognise that there are genuinely complex hermeneutical questions.