Buckingham had too much influence with the King; this meant he was seen as one of the main causes to the break down in parliament. James wanted money from the Parliament in 1625 because of the war with Spain. Parliament decided to grant a tonnage and poundage as the monarch’s main source of Revenue. Opposition MPs discussed Parliament choosing the Kings ministers for him and also the impeachment of those who gained undue influence over him; this was especially aimed at Buckingham. A breakdown in parliament then occurred because Charles realized the parliamentary attack on Buckingham was increasing so in 1625 dissolved his first Parliament in order to protect his close companion.
Henry was exposed to the pull of the factions but a new aristocratic approach to the government strengthened the conservative faction however with the arrest of Duke of Norfolk (1547) and the dismissal of Gardiner from the Privy Chamber the reformists gained the much needed advantage . This shows that there was a threat to the stability of the government as Henrys most trusted councillors seemed to become more radically involved in the faction rivalry during the last 8 years of Henrys reign. This may have added pressure on Henry and his deteriorating health thus he may have not been able
However it could be argued that Wilhelm II’s aims to crush socialism in response to Caprivi’s tolerance for Socialism in his years as chancellor disagree with this view as it suggests he is aiming for more of an autocratic state where he holds state control. Another notable factor which suggests Germany was a parliamentary democracy is Wilhelm II could ignore the views of the centre party; failed attempts to previously dismiss them such as the Kulturkampf were a failure because the party’s strong political views are extremely influential, and they have always had a substantial amount of seats in the party. This in turn meant the government was influenced by the parliament. However, there were many events which demonstrate the Kaiser
This meant that he had to draft in Whig party members to fill the gaps, which then reduced the Tory presence in Cabinet. Then when Canning died Robison was unable to form a government as he lacked enough support from the Tory party. The result was that George IV then had to ask Wellington to form a government out of desperation. Wellington managed to get a government but lost support of the left wing of the Tory party over parliamentary reform. Huskisson and other ‘liberal’ Tories resigned and this really spelt the end of the Tory party.
The Suez crisis caused great controversy within Britain and also did a lot to threaten Britain’s world relations, especially with the USA. The Crisis began as a result of Egypt’s Colonel Nasser failing to get funding from the USA for his high dam project which he believed would help Egypt to become a more powerful wealthy nation and bring its industry in line with that of other global powers. Nasser then turned to the Suez Canal for a source of national income. The canal was vital to Britain and France to allow for trade with many eastern countries. Britain had recently removed its troop from the area around the canal, so Nasser decided to nationalise the canal and impose a toll which he could use to fund the dam.
Why was Gladstone unable to win the campaign for Home Rule in 1885 and again in 1893? Gladstone was unable to win the campaign for Home Rule in 1886 and again in 1893 mainly because of the strong Conservative opposition in the House of Lords. This feeling is exhibited by Source N when the 1886 Home Rule Bill failed at the first hurdle, the House of Commons, despite Parnell expressing that it is only a small proportion of Protestants that ‘sought to rekindle the…almost expiring embers of religious bigotry’ the MPs failed to be won over by his argument. The idea of distaste for Parnell is reinforced with the Unionism of Protestant Ireland indicating that because he was seen as a Fenian terrorist, giving into him would be giving into violence and untrustworthy methods like the Land league, a cover for Fenianism. Similarly Source K exhibits the hatred Ulster Unionists felt towards Home Rule as they ‘would resort to force’ to ensure their prosperity was not compromised by a terrorists wishes to become independent.
Rise of the Whig Party Jackson's strong personality and controversial ways incited the development of an opposition party, the Whigs. Their name echoes British history, In Great Britain, the Whigs were the party opposed to a strong monarch. By calling themselves Whigs, Jackson's enemies labeled him a king. And they held firm in their opposition to "King Andrew" and his hated policies. During this period (1820-1850), more offices became elective, voter restrictions were reduced or eliminated (for white male adults), and popular participation in politics increased.
The reform act on 1832 was an act passed by Parliament in order to change the way in which the electoral system in the country worked, as it had been virtually unchanged for around 200 years. The act was not new to parliament as the idea of the bill was in fact presented to the government by radical movements wanting change. The fact that the reform act had not been passed earlier even with the pressure of radical movements begs the question as to what changed for the act to be passed later in 1832? What new factors helped in gaining the reform? The problems with the way in which the electoral system worked, meant that the majority people wanted change and therefore pushed for electoral reform.
They preferred a pretty strict construction of the constitution and look down on Hamilton’s ideas for a national bank and saw them as unconstitutional. The party promoted states' rights and they were threatened by the supposed, the far too powerful tendencies of the Federalist Party which they had seen before with Great Britain. These Democratic Republicans favored Agriculture and opposed the tariffs that Hamilton had proposed; for these supporters mostly included skilled workers, small scale farmers, and plantation owners. So it is safe to say the majority of these types of supporters were vast in the southern frontier states as opposed to their rivals in the northeastern states who were more on the business side of things. Democratic Republicans all in all wanted things to remain the same in the U.S government because they felt that giving more power to the national government by way of national bank or tax would slowly get rid of the people’s voice in politics creating a rerun of the previous outcome with Great Britain.
Before the reforms were passed by Parliament, Britain was controlled by wealthy landowners and aristocrats. The workers began to realize they were not being well represented in the government. So the British citizens began to call for social and political reforms. The demands for reforms became too strong to ignore, and finally, Parliament agreed to change the electoral laws. While Parliament was agreeing to the Reform Act of 1832, one of its members, Michael Sadler was out investigating the treatment of children in the British Textile factories.