British Reforms Essay

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Reform Acts in Britain During the 1800’s and early 1900’s, the British Parliament passed a series of reforms that gave more rights and freedoms to its citizens. For example, the reform act of 1832 redrew political boundaries to give more equal representation in Parliament. There were also several different acts that gave more men of all classes voting rights. It was once said that these reforms would change Britain for the better. However, what or who caused these reforms to happen? The 1800’s were a time of liberal reform in Britain. These reforms came as a result of two things: the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. Although the industrial revolution had made Britain the most powerful nation in the world; it also led to many workers working eighty hour weeks in terrible labor conditions. Before the reforms were passed by Parliament, Britain was controlled by wealthy landowners and aristocrats. The workers began to realize they were not being well represented in the government. So the British citizens began to call for social and political reforms. The demands for reforms became too strong to ignore, and finally, Parliament agreed to change the electoral laws. While Parliament was agreeing to the Reform Act of 1832, one of its members, Michael Sadler was out investigating the treatment of children in the British Textile factories. Sadler showed the harsh conditions that children worked in ---- including physical mistreatment, long hours, and low wages. Because of Sadler’s report, Parliament passed the Factory Act in 1833. The citizens of Britain, Michael Sadler, and Parliament all had a part in the making of these reforms. However what were the effects of these Reforms? Were they truly all good? Some of these reforms made life better for people, but some did not. The 1833 Factory Act limited child labor, children under nine years
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