The world was left in a bipolar power struggle between the two main superpowers, America and the Soviet Union. Stalin, then the leader of the SU wanted to spread communism in order to strengthen the Unions hold on satellite states in Eastern Europe. The US were afraid of the threat of communism, fearful it would spread and cut all ties with their onetime allies. The Soviet Union hardened its attitude towards the West when NATO was formed in 1949 to battle the USSR. One of the major causes of tension was the Berlin blockade which caused an accelerated involvement of the US in Europe.
Communism was a major unifying force after WW2. Discuss Russia’s spread of its communist regime throughout Europe led to it being a major unifying force but also the opposite. It created a union of states between other communist countries but also a fear within Western Europe. The spread of communism in Europe also affected the USA cause it to set up many organisations such as NATO and the Marshall plan to fight it. Although it unified, it also brought about separation, with the division of Germany and of Berlin.
These events highlighted the weakness of the military and caused national humiliation, thus contributing to the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution. The crushing of Russian’s military added impetus to the 1905 Revolution, as it made the people of Russia aware of the weakness of their military and ashamed to be Russian. They were losing to a nation very few had heard of and it was embarrassing to the nation. The Russo-Japanese War produced economic
The Treaty of Versailles would prove to be one of the most disastrous mistakes in history. To even label it a peace treaty is a lie. The treaty made Germans want to take revenge, because of all the unbearable financial burdens where put on its shoulders. The treaty was the worst mistake the Western democracies made, and Germany was to pay for those mistakes. The Treaty of Versailles left the Germans feeling guilty, humiliated, and resentful.
In Russia, these defeats caused many of the people to question the role of the Tsar and the support in which he gives. Also the government were made to look weak as the people knew that the Russian military was in fact strong, yet again making them question the Tsars power. This outbreak would have been the final straw for the people of Russia because at the time the revolution was happening but the humiliation of the war gave the people another reason to continue with the revolution, prolonging it. Also with the people losing trust in the government and the Tsar they would turn to other political parties such as the revolutionaries for support. The revolutionaries were against the Tsar so this would allow them to gain more support which would contribute to the outbreak of the revolution and help
There were countless protests against the war with Japan and news of defeat after defeat only angered the Russian people more as they wanted a change in government. (This is all good, but to make it even better, Matteo could have added that the Russian people began to question the Tsar’s ability and that of his government to govern Russia). The trigger event that sparked the 1905 revolution was the Bloody Sunday massacre. A peaceful protest, led by Father Gapon, wanted to give a petition to the Tsar demanding fair changes in Russia. However, Cossack
To what extent did the Russo Japanese War cause the 1905 Revolution The 1905 Revolution was a series of strikes which took place all over Russia. Unlike the 1917 Revolutions this was spontaneous and took place as a result of considerable resentment about the social, economic and political situation in Russia. The Russo Japanese war was one of the main factors that caused the Revolution, however there were other significant events, such as the Bloody Sunday and long term causes that could be argued to be the outbreak of the Revolution. The Russo-Japanese War lasted from 1904 to 1905, and arose from both Japan and Russia wanting to expand and dominate in Korea and Manchuria. Allthoug the Russians saw themselves as far superior in military power and Japan was a nation that was considered inferior and was not one of the Great Powers, they suffered a humiliating defeat.
Firstly, ideological differences were responsible for splitting the two communist powers. Ideological differences were a major factor as without a collective agreement both nations would repel and fail to accept any actions by their neighbour. Mao’s was heavily critical of Khrushchev’s policy of peaceful coexistence as it sought better relations with the USA. To china, this was the natural enemy. This demonstrates how differences on both foreign policy and political ideas would cause a larger split between the two nations, Mao was adamant at this point in the 1960’s not to work with the USA; it went against the million of comrades he viewed as ‘struggling ‘ to free themselves from capitalist oppression.
The crushing of Russian’s military added movement to the 1905 Revolution, as it made the people of Russia aware of the weakness of their military, making many people become un-patriotic. They were losing to a nation very few had heard of and it was humiliating. However, many of the defeats to the Russian military occurred after the Revolution had started, not causing its outbreak, but merely adding to the opposition to autocratic rule by the Tsar and prolonging the Revolution. The Russo-Japanese War also brought about economic problems for Russia, and this therefore meant there was a significant lack of money to solve any other problems present Russia, hence partly being responsible for
However, you shouldn't make the assumption that devotion to ideology was all that was behind Cold War animosity; countries tend to be more complaint trading partners with countries that share their political systems and both Stalin and the Cold War Era presidents in the US knew this. The tension eventually built, but no one wanted to go to actual war again after the colossal massacre of WWII, hence the term Cold War. 2. Describe and explain the ideological differences between the United Stated and the Soviet Union. In 1917, Russia became a communist country with an agenda of converting the world to communism.