Why Was There Revolution In Russia In 1905?

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Why was there revolution in Russia in 1905? One long term reason why there was revolution in Russia in 1905 was poor living and working conditions. The source would agree with this as it states one reason for the 1905 revolution was social resentment. Workers in the factories earned little (in fact, wages of urban workers were purposely kept low) and everyday items like alcohol and clothing remained costly (Matteo could have written ‘continued to rise due to inflation’) Another long-term reason was oppression from Tsar Nicholas II who was conservative. This meant that he believed he had divine right to rule Russia traditionally without liberal reforms. Tsar Nicholas crushed any strikes or demonstrations ruthlessly. Another long-term reason were the heavy taxes imposed by Witte (finance minister) on the peasants. This made the Tsar unpopular as peasants became very poor. (Matteo needed to include that urban workers were also heavily taxed; taxes were used to help finance the modernisation of Russia’s backward industry). A short-term reason why there was revolution in 1905 was the costly Russo-Japanese War. Because of the conflict, which Russia was losing, there was less coal to use as heating and less food to eat. This caused general resentment amongst the poor people of Russia who wanted an end to the war. There were countless protests against the war with Japan and news of defeat after defeat only angered the Russian people more as they wanted a change in government. (This is all good, but to make it even better, Matteo could have added that the Russian people began to question the Tsar’s ability and that of his government to govern Russia). The trigger event that sparked the 1905 revolution was the Bloody Sunday massacre. A peaceful protest, led by Father Gapon, wanted to give a petition to the Tsar demanding fair changes in Russia. However, Cossack
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