The balance sheet connects to income statements, in turn also connected to cash flow statement. Occurrences or a change to the net cash activities of the cash flow statement affects the balance sheet. The balance sheet is useful when estimating the potential of the organization in order for them to achieve there long-term mission. However, cash flow statement displays the exchange of currency among an organization and external agents. For example, the cash flow can be affected when the company purchases products, and if the costs of the products are an outstanding amount in turn it will affect the assets on the balance sheet.
Owners put in their money to make a profit this is why it is important for them to track the sum of money they may have made in an accounting period. Usually a supervisor’s standing is related with the success of the company. When a business is making money the amount of money a manager makes will usually increase and they may also get a promotion. Income statements are also used to check the revenues and expenses of the company which allows managers to reduce their unnecessary expenses to make more profit. These income statements are also useful for outside users such as investors, creditors and the government.
Employees can use this statement to estimate if the company will be able to afford compensation. Externally, investors and creditors can utilize a company’s cash flow statements to assess the liquidity position of a company and estimate the financial strength of the organization (SEC,
Pro forma financial information is generally used to illustrate the effects of transactions such as business combination, and change in capitalization. There are countless reasons on why companies use pro forma statement in their business, the most significant is the planning and control received when using pro forma. The process of using pro forma statements are less time consuming, they help businesses evaluate and make a better distinction between business plans (Scarborough, Wilson, & Zimmerer, 2009, p. 196). Pro forma statements are an excellent outlet for resources that will help a business forecast expected earnings should the company chose to merge with another company or even if the company wanted to sell off part of it operations (Scarborough, Wilson, & Zimmerer, 2009, p. 196). The pro forma statements are commonly used when applying for a business loan.
Comparative Ratio Analysis of Tootsie Roll Industries and Hershey Comapny A company’s general financial picture can be determined through a ratio analysis. Financial ratios have proved to be a useful tool for management, investors and creditors. Management uses financial ratios to develop ways to improve operating efficiency strategies for future growth and see how they stack up against the competition in their industry. Creditors and investors analyze ratios to determine a company’s financial strength and operating effectiveness in order to loan money or invest in them. Financial ratios have more impact when compared over several years to help identify trends.
It is important to remember that financial statements must be presented fairly and in accordance with accounting principles as it is evident here that there is a bias towards presenting statements in a financially strong way. Another important user is the controller, Liam Hanlon who is a potential shareholder. As a potential shareholder, he may wish to present financial statements is such a way as to make it seem as if the company is not a very attractive investment to deter other potential investors and to be able to purchase shares at a lower price. Another slightly conflicting interest would be to prepare accurate
Study the demand elasticity for its products and discuss the availability of close substitutes for its products. How does that affect pricing decisions? Analyze the company’s profitability. Identify the economy or industry influences on its costs, operations, and profitability. Describe the competitive environment in which the firm operates, the distribution of market power, and the strategic behavior of the firm and its competitors.
Stock market can either make me more money or lose more money. It all depends on the risk I have and the business knowledge I have for a certain stock. The stock market is a test for me in knowing what stocks to buy or sell at a right time. I appreciate in a nice way of how the stock market procedures work, and looking at the yearly or monthly basis of their graphs. Furthermore, the stock market is one of the best ways to test the knowledge of using business
This expression is also used as a general evaluation of a firm's overall financial health over a given period of time, and can be used to compare related firms across the same industry or to compare industries or sectors in aggregation. While evaluating financial performance for our companies we can take help of the financial ratios as well. According to Barron the performance of a business enterprise is affected by its strategies and operations in market and non-market environments. (Baron, 2000) Financial ratios are an important element in determining the performance of an organization. Financial ratios should be analyzed by a professional accountant.
They highlight how effectively the profitability of a company is managed. These ratios are important for investors and lenders to see how the company is operating and handling their assets. The ability to pay back debts and bills shows how financially healthy a company