This also includes educating staff about the responsibilities of maintaining costs. What are the reports that can be used for financial planning in an organisation? Profit and Loss Balance sheet Revenue and Expenditure report Cash flow statement Debtors and Creditors reports What is the process for preparing budgets or other financial plans? 1. Identify data that needs to be collected.
The assets on the sheet are company holdings. The liabilities are the salaries, accounts payable, and notes payable. The balance sheet is a quick look at the company as a whole at any time which is usually over a specific period of time. The balance sheet should be available on demand for accounting managers to make decisions on where the company stands on dispensable cash and what can be used to purchase materials for inventory. The statement of cash flow tracks all the cash moving in a company during a specific accounting period.
The Four Financial Statements Merced Villalobos ACC/290 January 11, 2012 Eleazar Pando The Four Financial Statements There are four basic financial statements. The first statement is an income statement that shows the companies’ revenues and expenses. The second statement is a retained earnings statement that shows the amount and causes of changes of retained earnings in a given period of time. The third statement is a balance sheet that shows what the business owns and what it owes. The fourth is a cash flow statement that shows where the business got earnings in a period of time and where that money was used.
This expression is also used as a general evaluation of a firm's overall financial health over a given period of time, and can be used to compare related firms across the same industry or to compare industries or sectors in aggregation. While evaluating financial performance for our companies we can take help of the financial ratios as well. According to Barron the performance of a business enterprise is affected by its strategies and operations in market and non-market environments. (Baron, 2000) Financial ratios are an important element in determining the performance of an organization. Financial ratios should be analyzed by a professional accountant.
There should be a surveillance camera system where cash is being received and processed. Accounts Payable This is a very important part of a company's financial structure. It is when the company pays its obligations to suppliers or vendor for products and services purchased on credit. They are a current liability that is to be paid within a short period of time. Accounts payable are recorded in the general ledger and reflected onto the balance sheet.
Recording also will classify and summarize economic events. The bookkeeping function is included in the recording of economic events. Accounting reports are then communicated to interested internal and external users by means of financial statements. Internal interested users are individuals inside the company who plan, organize and run the business. These users can be comprised of finance directors, marketing managers, human resources, or management.
Financial Statements Paper Ambar Rivera ACC 290 Stephen Wilson January 24, 2012 The four basic financials statements are balance sheet, income statement, retained earnings statement, and statement of cash flows. The balance sheet shows a picture at a point in time of your business’ assets (owns), and your business‘ liabilities (owes). An income statements reports the business revenues and expenses during a period of time. Presenting a retained earnings statement, indicates how much of the previous income was distributed, and how much was retained in the business to allow future growth. The statement of cash flows contains the information to show where the business obtained cash during a period of time and how that cash was used.
The analyses reveal many things about the company’s financial position and performance, and also which users are interested in each type of ratios. Liquidity Ratios Liquidity Ratios measure the short-term ability of the company to pays its maturing obligations and to meet the unexpected needs for cash. Short-term creditors such as bankers and suppliers are particularly interested in assessing liquidity. The current ratio, the acid test, receivables turnover, and inventory turnover are ratios that are used to determine Berry’s Bug Blasters short-term debt paying ability. (Scott.
Kevin Leonel Sonilal XACC/290: Principles of Accounting I Professor Steven German December 6th, 2013 Financial Statements The four basic financial statements are the balance sheet, the income statement, the retained earnings statement, and the statement of cash flows. The incomes statement demonstrates how well the business has performed for a certain period of time. The items reported in the income statement are its revenues and expenses. From an internal user’s standpoint, the financial statement is a management tool. It can be used to evaluate the business’ strengths and weakness, and helps in deciding what route the business should take to make improvements or further its success.
P7 Solvency is when a business is able to pay is expenses as it has money available within the business. To determine solvency, businesses can use ratios such as current ratio and acid test ratio. These ratios allow businesses and potential investors to see how well that are able to meet their liabilities. Current Assets Current ratio = Current liabilities The acid test ratio shows the assets compared to liabilities, like the current ratio, but by taking out the stock figure from the current assets, it shows how well a business can meet its liabilities without having to sell stock, Current assets - stock Acid test ratio = Current liabilities Profitability Ratios can also show how profitable a business really is either as a snapshot or over time. There are three ways of working out how profitable a business really is: * Gross profit percentage – This calculation shows gross profit as a percentage of the turnover.