First and foremost, Wilson was incredibly unwilling to alter anything about the Treaty; he refused all compromise. There is some background to this as well – much of Congress was Republican or had recently switched to being Republican. Obviously, there is inevitable opposition as Wilson was a Democrat, and he refused to allow any Republicans to assist in writing the treaty. His strong stance on the necessity of the League of Nations went against the Monroe Doctrine, which declared a policy of isolationism that led the US into a period of prosperous economic success, and made congressmen very frustrated with him. Furthermore, Congress was disappointed in the fact that Wilson left some important things in order to compromise with the other countries.
This was the weakness of the league. Also Germany wasn’t a member due to the reason of creating WWI and USSR wasn’t a member too as they were communists. Other problem includes the truth that it was created as a part of Treaty of Versailles which indirectly meant that the league will be a serving favor of the big4. Due to these, member states were able to create chaos in the League where it already didn’t have any controls. Also the league wasn’t responsible enough to take care of all the problems in Europe as its powers were not so strong.
Additionally, USA never joined due to the fact that when the war ended in 1918, even though Woodrow Wilson pushed USA to join the League of Nations, his plans were confounded by Congress. USA was the leading power of the time, and its absence was a significant setback to the League, as now they had to rely on Britain and France who had been left weaker after WWI. Finally, the League ran on unanimous voting, meaning everyone had to agree for the action to be taken, and the permanent countries; Britain, France, Italy and Japan (who all joined in 1919), had a veto. This was a huge disadvantage because only in a situation where everyone agreed with each other, which was very rare, could an action be taken. In this way we can see that the League of Nations was a failure.
The injustice of the settlement unintentionally gave birth to long term problems, including key events for the lead up to the Second World War. The peace treaties were poorly established due to the restless state of Europe after the war. It was not a reasonable time to try and create peace amongst countries that are still feeling hatred towards each other after the war. The aim of the treaties was to avoid another war. The German people resented the fact that they alone were blamed for the war.
Their refusal to join the League of Nations severely weakened it, and effectively destroyed the League of Nation’s ability to follow through with its threats and stop wars. The repeated failures of the League showed that it was incapable of securing peace and stopping future wars. Notable failures of the league are the Manchurian and Abyssinian disputes. This could’ve been prevented if the US was involved in the League. Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement also played a part in the causing war to break out.
Not only did the people of Germany feel betrayed by a man of their own country but consequently, had no faith in the new democratic system. The ‘November Criminals’ including Matthias Erzberger, Phillipp Scheidemann and Friedrich Ebert were regarded as unnationalistic. The reaction of the German people was further intensified by the signing of the Versailles Treaty in June 1919. Historian Richard Hunt argues that ‘it was the shame of weakness that seized Germany’s national psychology and served as a solvent of the Weimar democracy’. Whether compliant with this view or not, the fact was that the German population was not backing the leaders of this new constitution, which was damaging to its effectiveness.
They were the opposite from the Spartacists and supported the new republic, entering numerous coalition Governments. Due to these differing views the threats from the left were never able to raise enough support across Germany in order to actually be classed as threats, they didn’t really pose a threat to the new Weimar Republic. The above paragraph is
The League had some successes in the 1920s, but some historians have argued that it was doomed to failure from the start. The League had so many weaknesses which lead to its failure as an international peacekeeping organisation. One of the main causes that made it difficult for the League to be fully effective is the membership, not all countries were part of the League. First of all the USA didn’t join the League because they wanted to stay out of European politics and just opt with isolationism. The USA was the most powerful and richest country in the world.
The election for the coalition results in 76% supporting pro-Weimar parties, showing that the opposition and threats to the government had settled. People in Germany were no longer looking for extremist parties which was proved by the failure of the right-wing coalition. In theory the coalitions should have worked well with the cooperation from all parties. However, the SPD were reluctant to work with other parties subsequently weakening the democracy. This proves the political instability of Germany in this period as they were the largest party in the Reichstag but still refused to cooperate.
At the end of the American Revolution the Articles of Confederation established an Anti-Federalist paradise in the United States. A weak league of friendship was formed between each state, angering Federalists who sought a stronger central government and causing political, economic and social problems. Shay’s Rebellion, inability to collect taxes and the worthless state currency were all problems that lead to the formation of a new constitution. After becoming free from the tyrannical rule of the British crown the Anti-Federalists were hesitant to establish a strong central government. This set into motion the forming of the Articles of Confederation which created a weak bond between states and a congress with essentially no power to put any law into motion.