Stalin and the US created a brief alliance because they were both concerned with stopping Hitler. When the war ended, the U.S., Britain, France, and Russia each controlled a portion of Germany. Soviet Russia did not want to allow their portion to be unified into a post-War Germany for fear that the Germans would again be an aggressive and powerful invader. In 1948 the Soviets blockaded East Berlin and the Germans in the West side of the city were starved of food. The Allies (us) started a massive airlift to feed the trapped Germans so they would not starve.
This boycott was met with limited support and was called off after only one day. This showed Hitler that the German people were not yet ready for anti-Jewish policy and needed to be slowly indoctrinated into believing the same ideology as him: Jews are evil. This is a factor that caused the change of policy to be gradual between these years. So, later in April 1933 Hitler banned Jews from civil service, however, there were exceptions as Hindenburg was still president and could still fire Hitler from his job as chancellor so Hitler needed to keep him happy. This did affect Hitler’s legislation by slowing it down until 1934 when Hindenburg died.
Britain was still recovering from the Depression which had devastated her economy; her economy could not afford a major conflict. The French preferred a defensive policy against a potential German threat and she spent time and money building the vast Maginot Line - a series of vast forts on the French and German border. The most Britain, France and Italy did was to form the Stresa Front which issued a protest against Hitler's rearmament policy but did nothing else. It seemed that Britain was even supporting Germany’s breaking of the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty had clearly stated what Germany’s navy should be - no submarines and only six warships over 10,000 tons.
However, the U.S. was never to sign the treaty or join the League of Nations Woodrow Wilson's ideas for peace were well rooted in thought, but in politically applying his ideas, he made unchangeable mistakes. In heading up the peace conference, Wilson made a serious mistake by not included World War One introduced the terrifying new concept of total war to an unsuspecting world. Nationalism and delusions of world conquest turned civilians into soldiers. Before the war, humans were developing technology at the fastest rate in history. After the war ended, President Wilson and the rest of the Allied leaders were responsible for the challenge of putting Europe back together the way one might piece together a jigsaw puzzle.
One thing the Germans were not happy in the treaty of Versailles is the War Guilt Clause, take blame for the war. Because of this they had to the reparation to the big three. The German government didn’t have the money to pay for the reparation as the country just lost a war and the factory are destroy and the environment is in a poor state. So then the USA banks lend Germany government loans. Its was all going well as Germany was getting in a better state and they are paying their reparation until 1929.
The treaty was not the only reason for the failure of the Weimar Republic, issues such as the period time and the great depression contributed to this also. To state the treaty of Versailles was the only significant factor is difficult, as no single factor contributed to the rise of the Nazi party and eventual fall of Germany. The Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany was to loose essential territory to various victors of World War One. The most significant being loosing Alsace and Lorraine to France. The treaty added to Germany losing six million inhabitants and essential resources that contributed to their exports and in turn the economy.
“How important were weaknesses and divisons among his opponents in explaining Hilters’s rise to power by 1933?” After their defeat in the first world war, Germany was given an extremely harsh peace treaty, the Treaty of Versailles, which they were forced to sign in 1919. The treaty was a crippling blow to the newly formed Weimar Republic, which caused many problems for them and led to the eventual rise of Hilter and the Nazi party into power. The Nazis faced tough opposition from parties such as the Communists and Socialists, who didn’t believe in a democratic government, however these parties were relatively weak and divided, so were therefore defeated easily. There were many other factors which contributed to Hitlers rise to power such as weaknesses of the Weimar Republic, resentment over the Treaty of Versailles, economic crises in 1923 and 1929, the popular appeal of the Nazi’s and their effective use of propaganda and Hitler as a speaker. Historians disagree to an extent as to what the main reasons for Hitlers rise to power was.
Many of Wilson’s peaceful Fourteen Points weren’t accomplished, but he had faith in the League of Nations to sort things out later. Clemenceau had wanted nothing but revenge on Germany, and that was definitely achieved, if not to the extent he had hoped for. Lloyd-George was probably the most content out of the three leaders, because he had wanted a compromise between the French and American ideas to begin with. The Treaty of Versailles was largely based upon penalizing Germany. Article 231 (also known as the 'War Guilt' clause) states that the Allies accept "…the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage."
His self-belief persuaded people to believe in him. However, I do not think it was solely the brilliance of Hitler's leadership which brought the Nazis to Power. The Treaty of Versailles, which was a peace settlement in which the Germans had no choice and were forced to sign after WW1, was an important reason why the Nazis came to power. The German general public were so angry over the Treaty and found it hard to accept the terms of it because it became a symbol of Germany's humiliation and defeat. This made the new Weimar government, who signed the Treaty, extremely unpopular and there was a lot of opposition to the government.
Other influences include the League of Nations which failed the principle of collective security and the enforcements of demilitarisation. The failure to enforce the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles and Locarno Treaty assisted the Germans and Italians to continue their aggressive policies. Even though the Allies showed little resistance, the resistance would not be required if the two dictators did not have the intensions of launching aggressive foreign policies. War resulted because of Nazi aggression. “Hitler coming to power showed his clear primary objective which was to tear up the Treaty of Versailles.” Hitler totally disregarded the policies and introduced conscription, built a massive army, created an air force, built heavy guns and submarines.