War and Conflict Examples

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Conflict and Violence (a content-building exercise) Essential questions (add to this list as you do further research and reading) 1) Why do countries go to war? (reasons could include historical, economic, political, religious and moral among others) Reasons: A)Territory Sino-Indian War (1962) The Sino-Indian War Began: October 20, 1962 TheSino-Indian War Ended: November 21, 1962 B) Political and ideological: The Cold War (1945–1963) The global superpower stand-off that brought the world to the brink of destruction. After WW2, each commanded powerful military forces; each espoused globally expansive ideologies; each feared and distrusted the other. The Chinese Civil War (1927 – 1949/1950) was a civil war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party), the governing party of the Republic of China, and the Communist Party of China (CPC) (also known as CCP - Chinese Communist Party), for the control of China which eventually led to China's division into two Chinas, Republic of China (ROC) and People's Republic of China (PRC). The war began in April 1927, amidst the Northern Expedition, and essentially ended when major active battles ceased in 1949-1950. The war represented an ideological split between the Nationalist KMT, and the Communist CPC. In mainland China today, the last three years of the war (1947–1949) are more commonly known as the War of Liberation, or alternatively the Third Internal Revolutionary War. In Taiwan, the war was also known as the Counter-insurgency War against Communists before 1991 or commonly the Nationalist-Communist Civil War in both sides. C) Economic causes -Gulf War: The Gulf was of "great strategic importance" because "it contains more than two-thirds of the world's exportable oil" and because the Strait of Hormuz at its mouth is "a waterway through which much of the free world's oil must
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