Unit 4: Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Unit 4: Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. Physical Abuse: When a person is subject to harm on their body. Instances can include hitting, biting, scalding, burning, and anything that would cause physical harm to the individual. Signs and symptoms of someone being physically abused can include bruising, cuts, burns, broken bones, bite marks, or in the worst cases death. Physical abuse can also contribute to changes in mental wellbeing, and can make the victim experience anxiety, depression, fear, and many other traits that might be different to how they feel normally. Sexual Abuse: When a person engages in sexual activities with another person without their consent. This can include rape, touching inappropriately, buggery, and watching over a person whilst sexual activities are talking place. People who have been sexually abused may show a change in behaviour. The symptoms can include overly sexualised behaviour, self harm, anxiety, depression, urinary infections, or being withdrawn when in social settings. Emotional Abuse: When a person is subject to abuse in the form of name calling, insults, bullying and general mistreatment that would affect their emotional wellbeing. People who experience emotional abuse can become withdrawn, have a low self worth, loss of trust, and depression. Financial Abuse: When a person abuses another person for monetary gain. Things that can constitute as financial abuse are stealing, borrowing money or property without the person’s knowledge or permission, and denying access to a person’s finances. Evidence of financial abuse can include, financial documents with misleading information, sudden loss of an individuals property, inventory list not being correct, items that have been bought without the persons knowledge, gaining items or money at the expense of the person in your care.
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