Unit 21 P2

990 Words4 Pages
Firstly, in order to obtain good health we need to consume a daily balanced diet. To do this, we must consume the daily amount of food requirements. In a balanced diet, there are seven essential components. These are: * Carbohydrates * Proteins * Minerals * Vitamins * Fat (Lipids) Carbohydrates are a simple sugar nutrient that provide energy and maintain a healthy body. Carbohydrates are formed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen as the basics. In the body, carbohydrates are converted to glucose, used for energy throughout the body. Carbohydrates can be either simple or complex, and high-glycemic or low-glycemic. Examples of foods containing simple carbohydrates include fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. Breads and cereals contain complex carbohydrates, along with legumes. Carbohydrates provide energy for the body, even when an individual is asleep the cells need oxygen and nutrients to function. The heart needs to beat; the brain needs energy in order to maintain their vital functions an individual also needs to replace the cells. This is known as basal metabolism. There are two different types of carbohydrate, simple carbohydrates (or sugars) and complex carbohydrates (starches and fibre). Proteins are a vital nutrient which us used by the body for growth and repair, it is very important for infants and children also individuals who are ill or injured. one characteristic of proteins is that they are made up of amino acids. They are complex molecules that can promote good health. Lipids are insoluble within water, they have high energy content and can be metabolized to release calories, but they have many other uses as well. Lipids help to create lasting structures within an individual’s body; lipids are also electrical insulators and are needed Bile is secreted from the gall bladder into the digestive tract, and lipase is secreted for
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