It will also include an evaluation of their explanation of the theories for the causes of depression and schizophrenia. Depression is a complex mood disorder which is sufficient enough to interfere with normal functioning. Schizophrenia is a chronic (long lasting) brain disorder which affects Intellectual functioning. Depression is closely linked to schizophrenia as the sufferer recognises what is meant by having the illness. This essay will examine the causes of depression and schizophrenia and analyse its findings.
The second cluster is dramatic behavior which consists of antisocial, borderline, histrionic and narcissistic personality disorders. The last cluster is a high degree of anxiety and includes the avoidant, dependant, and obsessive compulsive personality disorders. 3. Which Axis I disorders do each of the Personality Disorders resemble? Some of the personality disorders may have similar relationship to a particular Axis I conditions schizotypal personality disorder with schizophrenia; avoidant personality disorder with social phobia.
12 1.1 Mood disorder is a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in the person's mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature.  The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10. English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley proposed an overarching category of affective disorder.  The term was then replaced by mood disorder, as the latter term refers to the underlying or longitudinal emotional state, whereas the former refers to the external expression observed by others.  Two groups of mood disorders are broadly recognized; the division is based on whether a manic or hypomanic episode has ever been present.
(1.2) The key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric system: Strengths are that it provides clinicians and researchers with being able to diagnose and help to look at the complete psychological make-up of an individual and provides explanation of disordered thinking, mood and behaviour. It enlists how to better the mental distress of an individual and equips clinicians with being able to eliminate other possible causes of distress. It also helps enable psychiatrists to diagnose mental illnesses which are common or recognize particular symptoms. Psychiatric classification systems is sometimes challenged by health and social care professionals and people who use services related to mental health.
Sexual Dysfunction and Deviance Sexual dysfunction and deviance is primarily based on psychological issues of the mind. Many individuals experience anxiety or pain and it is strictly created in the mind. These individuals have to be reprogrammed to get pass these issues. Personality disorder There are many cognitive components that play a part in personality disorders. Behavioral Eating Disorder People with eating disorders participate in behaviors such as self- induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, and excessive exercise after eating in an effort to maintain body
Explain how issues of validity and/or reliability may affect the classification and/or diagnosis of schizophrenia  Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder. This means it’s a loss of contact with reality, consistent with serious mental illness which typically includes delusions, hallucinations and disordered thinking. The disorder was first identified by Kraeplin(1986) who used the term ‘Dementia Praecox’. Bleuler (1911) later coined the term schizophrenia, which means split (schizo) mind (phrenia). Classification involves identifying groups or patterns of behavioural symptoms that occur together to form a type of mental disorder (e.g.
Additionally, it will discuss definition of severe mental illness and why it is hard to define on a single definition and how it is being assessed for appropriate management and treatment. It will further analyse how stress and vulnerability model help the therapist and patient understand the onset symptoms of schizophrenia. Furthermore, it will examine the role of CBT in reducing the impact of positive symptoms to the patient. Moreover, it will discuss the criticisms on the effectiveness of CBT and how the proponents answered these criticisms. Lastly, it will analyse CBT’s implications to practice in mental health nursing.
The cognitive approach to psychopathology assumes that thinking, expectations and cognition direct behaviour. Therefore abnormality behaviour is caused by faulty thinking and irrational cognitive processes. The cognitive model of abnormality is most often applied to patients with anxiety or depression. Ellis (1962) A-B-C model outlines the cognitive model. A refers to an activating event, e.g.
Elevated disorders such as mania and hypomania. Depressed moods such as clinical or major depression and moods which cycle between the two such as bipolar disorder. Mood disorders can also be substance induced. Personality Disorder Personality refers to the pattern of thoughts such as behaviour and feelings that makes us the individuals we are. Depending on the situation we are in we don’t as individuals behave think behave or feel the same.
Unit CMH 302 Understand mental health problems Outcome 1 Know the main forms of mental ill health 1. describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (dsm/icd) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders Anxiety disorders – General anxiety disorder Psychotic disorders – Delusional disorder Substance-related disorders – Alcohol abuse Eating disorders - Anorexia nervosa/Bulimia nervosa Cognitive disorders - Alzheimer's disease 2. explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification system The classification system provides a means for the multi axial assessment and includes Primary Diagnosis, Relationship Disorder, Medical and Developmental Disorders and conditions, Psychosocial Stressors, and Functional Emotional Development Level. Some approaches are less familiar to clinicians than other approaches and there would be no agreement on the choice of dimensions. 3. explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. Biological and medical frameworks (sometimes referred to as the disease model) view psychological problems as resulting, in the main, from physical causes such as brain defects, hereditary factors or as the results of accidents or injury. Behavioural frameworks are closely aligned to learning theories and have long been associated with early exponents of conditioning theories.