Hsc Level 3 Unit 13 Essay

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Unit 12 Understand Mental Health Problems 1.1 There are two classification systems used for defining the main types of mental health problems. The DSM system (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and the ICD system (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health problems). The DSM system is used by mental health professionals which helps define a diagnosis in terms of the presence of some sub-set of an overall list of symptoms. The current version is DSM-V.(5) The other classification system ICD is used particularly in Europe. The World Health Organisation updates the ICD on a regular basis with its most up to date version being ICD-10. Mood Disorders Mood Disorder Is a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) classification system where a disturbance in the person’s mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature. The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in International Classification of Diseases (ICD). There are three basic groups of mood disorder. Elevated disorders such as mania and hypomania. Depressed moods such as clinical or major depression and moods which cycle between the two such as bipolar disorder. Mood disorders can also be substance induced. Personality Disorder Personality refers to the pattern of thoughts such as behaviour and feelings that makes us the individuals we are. Depending on the situation we are in we don’t as individuals behave think behave or feel the same. Mostly we behave in predictable patterns and ways so can be described as lively, shy selfish and so on. Each of us have a set of patterns this is what makes up our personality this doesn’t change much but does develop as we go through different experiences in life. So as we mature our behaviour thinking and feelings change. We usually learn from past

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