To What Extent Was World War 1 the Major Cause of the 1917 February Revolution?

1178 Words5 Pages
During the period 1905 – 1917 in Russia, numerous political and social alterations occurred. These ultimately led to the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 2nd 1917 along with the falling of the Romanov Dynasty whom has ruled Russia for 3 centuries. Chain events of poor political actions from the 1904 – 1917 combined to influence the decisions of the Russian society. As these changes occurred, the people of Russia began to question the Tsar as the ruler, which led to lose of support from workers, peasants and the military. Despite the key cause of the February revolution was sparked by Russia’s involvement in World War I, it wasn’t the only factor in the regime. Chains of social and economic events from 1905 – 1917 combined to influence the decisions of the Russian society. The humiliation of the defeat to Japan during the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, the social hierarchy of Russia, the Bloody Sunday massacre in 1905 and the poorly led army during World War I are just some of the key events attributing towards the cause of the February Revolution. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, Russia was hunting for a warm water port on the Pacific Ocean so it would be able to complete trades with other nations over water and develop a stronger naval force. In 1904 where negotiations between Japanese and Russia broke down, Japan declared war on Russia and the Japanese Navy attacked the Russian Eastern fleet at Port Arthur. The Russian’s naval force was destroyed at Tsushima Bay and Russia’s only all year naval bases in Port Arthur were captured in January 1905. When news of these defeats reached back to Petrograd and Moscow, it stimulated the social unrest, which had already been present in Russia; a failed military campaign did look good for Nicholas II. The Russo-Japanese War was a disaster for Russia not just military but both socially and
Open Document