To what extent do anarchists agree about the nature of the future stateless society? For Anarchists the state is oppressive and represents the few who seek to oppress the many. The state is also charged with taking away our freedom through subjecting us to its laws and controls that are artificial, offending the basic principle of individual sovereignty. Furthermore the state is seen as corrupting to those in power, those who come into government may do so with good motives, but inevitably lose their idealism and become exploiters themselves. It is for these reasons that all traditions within Anarchism wish to advance human kind through the removal of the state in society.
To what extent is conservatism the ideology of Human Imperfection? (45 marks) Human imperfections is a core belief of conservatism. Conservatives belief we are imperfect on three levels. One we are morally imperfect they believe that immoral and criminal behaviour can be traced back to the innately selfish and greedy individual rather than to problems within society as socialists or modern liberals would point too as the root cause. Conservatives have a pessimistic view of human nature, some would even agree with Hobbes view that the desire for “power after power” is the primary human urge.
Firstly, Marx argues that religion is portrayed as an ideology where there’s a set of ideas and values, in other words, a belief system that disadvantages the Working class as they become exploited. The sufferings they offer is thought of as a God given state as they fall under the false consciousness. Religion misleads the poor by making them believe that they will be rewarded in heaven (afterlife) as long as they obey the capitalist class. Lenin therefore describes religion as ‘spiritual gin’, known as the intoxicant dolled out to the masses by the ruling class to control them in accepting their lower status. However, Gramsci argues that the ruling class domination can be overthrown where a classless communist society will be replaced.
Critics of Communism have often said that the Communist Manifesto has many problems. These problems range from unacceptable personal limitations to improper public schooling tactics. One of their arguments that stands out in particular is that "[Communism] leads to a loss of culture". Although this contradicts the manifesto's intent, the manifesto itself proves the validity and prevalence of this argument; this is shown through Marx and Engels' ideas of inheritance, schooling, and laws of labor. To begin, the idea stated by Marx and Engels about inheritance in the Communist Manifesto is that there should be an "Abolition of all right of in heritance" (387).
Stalin greatly feared older members of the party too as they knew the truth of Stalin’s rise to power and what Lenin’s testament contained which would have ruined Stalin’s career. Under Yagoda’s influence of suggesting communists questioned Stalin, his paranoia further developed and caused the emergence of the great terror. Undoubtedly Stalin felt he had to perform the mass purges because of his paranoia that he would be removed from power. As Stalin was in control this must be the main cause of the great terror as his desire to remain in power was the drive for allowing the great terror to happen. The Congress of victors was a short term cause of the great terror and only added to the main cause of Stalin’s paranoia.
1.) Definitions: Deprecated: express disapproval of Insurgents: an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict Rend: tear something into two or more pieces Wringing: squeeze and twist something to force liquid from it Unrequited: a feeling, especially love, not returned or rewarded Malice: the intention or desire to do evil; ill-will Borne: carried by; spread by Quotes: "Woe unto the world because of offences! for it must needs be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh!” - book of Matthew, chapter 18, verse 7 “the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.” – book of Psalms, chapter 19, verse 9 2.) Lincoln claims that there is no reason for him to discuss the war. 3.)
Both the text 1984 and the film V for Vendetta are satires that criticize humanity, society, and individual thought. Orwell and Brothers both make an effort to criticize each of their government’s practice of manipulation. For example, “Ignorance is Strength” sheds light on the oxymoronic messages the government expresses that manipulate their people. It shows that the government wants people to be ignorant and not to second think their actions or what is being fed to their minds, particularly. Thereby, it makes the government superior and in control of what people know about itself, its affairs, and even what they know about themselves.
Section 3 Thesis: In the essay “Civil Disobedience” written by Henry David Thoreau it is expressed that to him the government is corrupt and it should be fixed. Men that do nothing and say they do not know what to do about the war just put their heads down and act as if it is not happening. Thoreau wants to get his point of the government is corrupt and people should rebel and revolutionize through various lines in section three. Topic sentence: In section three of “Civil Disobedience” it talks about how it is an evil to make a scene about the government being corrupt and when oppression and robbery are organized the people should not have that government anymore.Example 1: “At any rate, it is a great evil to make a stir about it. But when
Washington concludes that the formation of political parties is dangerous to the prosperity of the young nation, however, he states that the formation of political parties is inseparable from our nature (Washington, 103). Washington defines the formation of political parties to be the “domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities” (Washington, 103) Washington believed that political parties turn citizens against one another and in certain cases cause riots and insurrection. He also believed that political parties fuel animosity and open the door to foreign influence and corruption (Washington, 103). Because the formation of political parties can not be prevented Washington extended cautions to prevent the demise of the nation from political parties. With certain precautions and a spirit of morality political parties can exist without causing
According to political realism, war is inevitable in an international system where anarchy is the rule. As power-hungry individuals lead their states in pursuit of the national interest, fulfilment of the latter can sometimes only be achieved through conflict or the use of force. Thucydides discusses war and conflict at length in his History of the Peloponnesian War and comes to the conclusion that “What made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta.” Here he has identified one of the main reasons for war: fear. As Thucydides sees fear as one of the universal human characteristics leading to an evil human nature and thus evil human behaviour, it can be seen that, for Thucydides, war is an inevitable feature of the international system. With the Balance of Power destabilising, which, according to Thucydides, is the only means to achieve peace, the growth of power in Athens caused the Spartans to feel more and more insecure and thus they started to prepare to defend themselves.