So liberty is constrained to maintain social order as opposed to freedom being epitomized in people as utility maximizers according to liberals. Therefore social order in put in place to provide certainty in an uncertain world. The second strand of imperfection according to Conservativism is moral as immoral or criminal behavior is deep-rooted in the individual. There is a ‘power after power’ conception according to Hobbes with human beings drive consisting of physical prosperity, power and avoidance of deprivation and doing anything they can to maintain or maximize these basic appetites so people cannot be trusted and crime is based on the consequence of human instincts. So it leads to the idea of people behaving in a civilized way if they are deterred by a firm government putting a tough criminal justice system so there is an invisible amalgamation of law and order with the role of law preserving order and morality.
Therefore, religion is a conservative force. For example, religion prevents a false class conscience which prevents the working class from realising their true potential and keeps them oppressed. As a result, religion prevents a true class conscience where the working class realise they are being exploited. Moreover, religion acts a form of “compensation” for the working class as the belief in God and heaven offers the working class compensation for the misery the experience through capitalism. Marxists argue that religion promises us happiness, but this is an illusion hiding the truth; true happiness can only be found in a revolution.
Each country, especially the United States, had an almost isolationistic view of their role in the world. Today, however, we face the challenge of enemies who do not think rationally and will die for what they think is the greater good, so the view of seclusion is not longer valid. The suicidal attitude of these new adversaries makes these types of people’s actions very hard to predict and track which leads to a danger that is unpredictable and around which we cannot devise a defensive plan. Another idea is that the civilized world believes that the economically developed countries take care of the less developed countries. In an article written by James G. Pradke called “Idealism vs. Realism: a Modern Approach to Capitalism Vs. Socialism,” dated April 16, 2010, he quoted Merriam-Webster’s dictionary (2010) which “claims that realism dismisses idealization and presents a theory which focuses on concern for fact or reality while rejecting
Touchstone is a character who has an individual opinion on the idea of love. His idea is unromantic, but practical. This can be seen in the following quote, “ by how much defence is better than no skill, by so much is a horn more precious than to want.” In this quote, touchstone implies that it is better to be cheated on rather than to have no woman at all and go on unsatisfied. This shows his practicality and also shows how he is quite selfish when it comes to love. “ he is not like to marry me well and, not being well married it will be a good excuse for me hereafter to leave my wife” , this quote illustrates his unromantic portrayal of love, as he is willing to go through great measures to avoid being tied down to one woman.
This is because the ruling class only want to benefit their own selfish causes. Thrasymachus is referring to the notion that the weaker class is exploited constantly by the stronger class; laws are put into place to benefit the selfish and greedy. However, as Thrasymachus continues to deliberate what justice is, he agrees that what is right can not always be just. As rulers also make mistakes, act out of emotion, and could put laws in place which can be harmful to those it should protect. Thrasymachus agrees with Socrates’ conclusion that a ruler does not exercise his authority with his own interest but
Locke stated that people were naturally good but Thomas Hobbes had a negative view towards human nature. Hobbes sees man as being evil. In his principal work, ‘Leviathan’ Hobbes believes that, “people are innately selfish and grasping.” Hobbes believes that ethical concepts such as good or bad or ideas of good or evil doesn’t exist in the state of nature. He thinks that mankind can use any power essential to protect him and his surrounding for good. Hobbes named this condition as ‘war’ which also meant that every man is enemy to every man.
Included in these human indwelt instincts are two instincts that prevail as more controlling than all the others: the desire to be loved (Eros), and an inclination toward aggression in order to pursue this love. The desire for a human to be loved is extremely different from the desire for a human to love. Humans do not naturally desire to please others or love them because of their selfish nature. When discussing human nature, Freud concludes that humans are naturally anti-social and anti-communal. Humans naturally think about themselves first, and ultimately what will benefit the self the most is the most important.
People feel they are being patriots by protesting everything the government does and find flaws with everything in this country. This also does not serve the country in a positive way. Always pointing out flaws and never helping to find a solution does not better the country in any way. To be patriotic is to love and respect fellow citizens, to take care of the land and the natural environment, to be active in elections, and to be able to see its flaws and weaknesses and to help turn them into strengths. Love and respect of fellow citizens is crucial to being patriotic.
He may be an advocate for communism and then switch over to rallies for democracy. The problem with “Nowhere Man”, Kazez states, is that it signifies an underlying weak self, without a purpose for doing the things you do. In order to have a happy and good life, Kazez argues you need to have strong convictions and consistent reasoning for why you do something. Mill would disagree with Kazez, he supports the greatest happiness principle, which states that “actions are morally right insofar as they produce happiness, wrong insofar as they produce suffering.” I agree with Mill, I think if someone wants to be an oil lobbyist one week, and decides he wants to see how the other side is and advocate green peace, that they should be able to do so as long as they get pleasure from it. If one was to agree with Kazez, even though it may be an extreme example, one could look at the life of a dictator such as Stalin or Hitler.
The first of these dangers is susceptibility of Americans to extreme individualism, and isolation from the community. Secondly Tocqueville fears that American’s would develop an excessive desire for material things. Moreover, he believes democracy would cause American’s to lose the ability to think for themselves and, instead conform to society. Tocqueville’s final concern of Democracy was that an intense aspiration for total equality would in turn create a society who sacrifices many rights. Tocqueville argues that the only thing which will keep Americans away from these dangers, which would undoubtedly lead to despotism is religion as source of moral education.