Examining this, historians would note accounts of him being highly suspicious aswell as deeply paranoid; ultimately Stalin felt that he could trust nobody and his wife’s suicide worsened this considerably. These particular predicates would lead to explanations for why his former comrades were killed, compared to the considerably less violent means (exile) used by Lenin. His nature as brutal was also regarded as a significant feature of his personality, known to be vengeful and cruel; his fascination for violence (with the purges being an explicit display of such) still remains today a popular association with Stalin. Keen to assert himself as something other than the “grey blur”, Stalin idolized himself as a genius who transformed Russia into a communist utopia and at the forefront of revolution; denunciating Marx, Engels and Lenin in the process. Stalin was keen to destroy intellectuals and members of the old Bolshevik party, those who could see through his deceit and understood his limited abilities that strove for incredulous ambitions.
When Communism became something real and physical, America felt their economy was even more endangered, concerned that it would spread to them and destroy what they had. Communism and Capitalism are opposite concepts, and so the Americans greatly feared Communism, something that put, what they considered to be, an excellent society in jeopardy. A drastic change was too large for them to cope with, and was one they saw as negative, fearful it would result in the deconstruction of a stable society. There will always be an inevitable conflict when Communism and Capitalism are pitched against each other, and so the Americans felt threatened by this. The West felt threatened by Communism too because it caused Russia to pull out of the war, thus losing them a good ally.
However I think more important factors such as luck for Stalin like how Lenin’s death came at the right time, Stalin’s ideologies and how he support the right policies at the right time and in my judgement the most important factor was Stalin’s devious malicious and devious tactics against his opponents such as fooling Trotsky when Lenin’s funeral was and making him look aloof and his constant side swapping to suit his popularity. One of the reason Stalin defeat his opponents was because of their own personalities. Compare to Stalin who was a simple character which meant he could be underestimate and therefore manipulate people easily. His opponents were seen as negative. Firstly Trotsky was Jewish , which made him unpopular and many thought he would have a negative impact on Russia if he was in charge due to his arrogance and also untrustworthiness as he’d only joined the party in 1917.
Trotsky underestimated Stalin and what he was capable of (creating a triumvirate with Zinoviev and Kamenev, using this alliance to defeat him). He lost respect by not turning up to Lenin’s funeral, allowing Stalin to act as though he was closest to Lenin. Yet, the biggest mistake which Trotsky made was when he agreed not to publish Lenin’s
Another ideological method that was central to his success of emerging as the leader of the Soviet Union by 1929 was accusations of Trotskyism . This was due to Stalin defending himself by accusing Bukharin of Trotskyism because Trotsky had been the first to make the claim about bureaucracy . This can be viewed as a weakness of Trotsky because this accusation of Trotskyism attempts to show that Trotsky’s ideology was far from Leninist . This greatly caused decline in Trotsky’s support because many wanted a leader who was close to Lenin and followed Lenin . Therefore , this is one of Stalin’s strengths because he was
Another very important reason in why Stalin emerged as leader was Tactical maneuvering of Stalin and his making and breaking of alliances. Stalin was so determined to take power he was quite prepared to use dishonourable tactics in his bid for power and started a campaign against his strongest rival, Bukharin. He attacked Bukharin’s followers at lower levels of the Party. He also was very good at manipulating the Party for instance telling Trotsky the wrong date for Lenin’s funeral to reduce his popularity. This helped him seize power as
He made it clear that when he became Tsar he would undo all the reform his father had set about bringing. Alexander II’s assassination made Alexander III hate reform even more, as he blamed the reform for his father’s death. He was now even more determine to get rid of any reform that there might have been, also any political opposition, and this was done by censorship. This meant that the Tsar and his people would decide what could be published, and what material they decided was politically appropriate. Also they censored what people talked about by having a secret police, the okhrana.
Stalin was engulfed by a sort-of paranoia, which didn’t always work against him but it did generally mean he was constantly worried by the thought of being thrown out of power, especially by those within his party. This lead to him using purges as a way to enforce his power and secure his position. His constant worry over the potential loss of power is clearly illustrated by the fact his purges initially began internally and also, if we’re to run with the idea that he was responsible for the murder of Kirov, the kirov case of 1934. Purges wasn’t a new method of eliminating those who did not follow the ideology put forward, Lenin in fact was infamous for using this technique. What was new was the purges being utilized as a weapon to eliminate those within the party.
After Tsarism fell, and Lenin took power, he too made a Secret Police, called the Cheka. They were a lot more ruthless than the Secret Police of Tsarist autocracy, and terrorized the public to make sure that Lenin remained in power, well away from his political enemies. However, when Stalin came to power after Lenin’s death in 1924, he was not satisfied with how they were being utilized, and indeed in 1934 he created his own Secret Police, the infamous NKVD. These were of a new ilk and variety. Openly malevolent, they were renowned for the oppressing manner in which they bullied and manipulated Stalin’s people.
This was to prevent complacency and make his mark within the military. However, by removing so many important leaders, he weakened the leadership and therefore put strain on his forces, making it more difficult to attain victory, and increasing the chances of the opposition. Additionally, Stalin purged all military intelligence, blaming them for not alerting Russia of Germany’s invasion plans. This meant that he had no eyes on international affairs. Also, generals who performed badly against the Germans were shot on site.