To What Extent Are the Impacts of Tropical Storms More Than Just Environmental

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To what extent are the impacts of tropical storms more than just environmental (30 marks) A hurricane is an intense, rotating oceanic weather system that possesses maximum sustained winds exceeding 79mph. It forms and intensifies over tropical oceanic regions. They cause devastating effects in any areas that they make landfall and can cause governments billions of pounds to repair damages. Hurricanes form and intensify over oceanic regions. They require sea-surface temperatures of at least 26°C and the influence of the earth’s rotation to initiate a spinning circulation (Coriolis effect). Hurricanes are generally known by three different names. Hurricanes are categorised on a scale from 1-5, 1 being the weakest and 5 being the strongest. This categorisation is bad upon the wind speed of the hurricane. The environmental effects that a hurricane can have on an area can be catastrophic. Massive areas woodland can be destroyed and this is not only important for the wellbeing of the environment but also for the habitats that live in wooded areas. Animals can either be killed by hurricanes or indirectly affected by their homes being destroyed or their food supplies disappearing. Endangered species can also be affected like when Hurricane Hugo struck in 1989, half the population of Puerto Rican parrots disappeared. Erosion is also another key factor that can affect the environment. Hurricanes generate strong winds which batter the coastline as well as storm surges which are associated with hurricanes. This wears away at cliff faces and shorelines and can deposit whole sections of beaches and destroy cliffs as far as 100m back. Sand is also picked up by the winds and hurled inland creating a sandpaper effect on anything in its path and large amounts of sand are also deposited inland having an effect on the beach. The long term effects of this are that the shoreline then

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