Hurricane Andrew Case Study

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On the 24th august 1992 hurricane Andrew hit Florida, and is recognized as the most destructive natural hazard in the United States, scoring category 5 on the Saffir Simpsons scale. It formed as bands of clouds close to the equator where the air is moist. A centre of low pressure forms, and the air begins to spiral in towards the low pressure, as the system moves away from the equator. Latent heat is released when water vapor condenses, this encourages further uplift as the warm air rises and the pressure at the centre falls rapidly. The storm gets bigger as the low pressure sucks in more warm moist air this also causes strong winds. The main impact from the hurricane was the national hurricane centre in Miami lost its radar, ammeter and satellite communications equipment, this reduced the ability to monitor and forecast storm track. A social impact was the loss of homes, 25,000 homes destroyed and 100,000 badly damaged. As wind speed was so high it caused jumbo jets at Miami International Airport to blow of the runways, also at Tamiani airport hangars and light aircraft were destroyed. Although the natural hazard was very destructive only 30 people died, and some of these deaths could have been prevented. As a response to the storm the state government ordered a review of current prediction and preparation strategies and the report came to a number of conclusions. As America is an MEDC they could avoid to design a new £15 million research aircraft that will be better for predicting future hurricanes. By educating the population of Florida people can know what to do in case one occurs. Alternative provision for essential emergency services, this assists the preparation, prediction and coping with effects. It was also decided that building regulations should change and have stricter policing, as this will ensure stronger buildings and therefore less

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