Based on historical events such as the Protestant reformation, the scientific revolution, the age of enlightenment, the French revolution, the industrial revolution and the World Wars as well as the affect they had on Western society, it is safe to say that Western humanism is alive and well; our tradition and heritage that emphasize freedom and individual self-worth helped shape our culture and will continue to promote social justice and human rights. In the early to mid sixteenth century, Europe was in the midst of religious reform. Sparked by the advent of the printing press and an increase in knowledge and intellectual thought, many began to question the Catholic Church. Lutheranism and Protestantism spread rapidly throughout Europe and the face of Catholicism changed as well. These movements can be viewed as the first stepping stone towards a modern, humanist society.
Discuss the reasons for the successes achieved by the First Crusade. The crusades dominated European life for nine centuries and fifteen generations. The first crusade was hailed as an unprecedented success by both the historians of the day and indeed by contemporary historians. The reasons for the successes achieved by the first crusade are many. Pope Urban II's passionate sermon at Clermont, the internal conflicts of the Muslims and the irrevocable faith of the crusaders are all amongst these reasons.
Confessions of St. Augustine of Hippo Aurelius Augustinus, more commonly St. Augustine of Hippo, is one of the crucial advances in the western philosophical tradition which was eventually the widespread merging of the Greek philosophical tradition and the Judeo-Christian religious and scriptural traditions. He is, one of the towering figures of medieval philosophy whose authority and thought came to wield a persistent and continuing influence well into the modern period, and even up to the present day, especially among those sympathetic to the religious tradition which he helped to shape. But even for those who do not share this sympathy, there is much in Augustine's thought that is worthy of serious philosophical attention. Augustine is not only one of the major sources whereby classical philosophy in general and Neoplatonism in particular enter into the mainstream of early medieval philosophy, but there are significant offerings of his own that emerge from his amendment of that Greco-Roman legacy. His subtle accounts of belief and authority, his account of knowledge and illumination, his emphasis upon the importance and centrality of the will, and his focus upon a new way of conceptualizing the phenomena of human history, are just a few of his said contributions.
The Renaissance was a time of great innovation in the world of creativity and education. Many of history’s finest works have come from the Renaissance, whether it was a piece of literature, a work of art or an invention. After the Middle Ages, a period in time when the Church ruled not only opinion but even aspects such as art, people started looking for more meaning in life and not just what happened after death. This secular thinking, which focused more on mankind as opposed to God, was known as humanism. Inspired by the Ancient Greek thinkers and encouraging new ways of thinking and creating, letting artists and inventors push their boundaries, humanism supported education in science and astrology, mathematics and languages.
Devoted Christians of the clergy respected and accepted that Gods greatest gift to man was the reason to give people right to follow the highest moral teachings of Jesus. The responsibility of divine right and religion was challenged greatly by the enlightenment of the clergy driving America to see it possible to challenge the king and the divine right. The movement formed by the faith believing clergy resulted by using a scientific strategy to all parts of the world especially America. It also challenged the government against segregation in churches and ability
Famous Thinkers PHL/458 April 19, 2012 Certain distinctions can be found between famous thinkers and ordinary individuals. Famous thinkers possess many of the same traits and can come up with a multitude of ideas for solving the same problem. By using the lateral thinking method in critical thinking they were able to find a variety of methods available that ordinary people would never think of. These traits have been crucial to the successes of many famous thinkers throughout the years and will be the same traits used by the famous thinkers of the future. Two famous thinkers that deserve a large amount of credit for their work and are the subjects of this paper are Martin Luther King Jr. and Andrew Cohen.
The ideas from the Enlightenment were based on rationalism and human reasoning. Using human reasoning to solve humanity’s and society’s problems was the basis of most Enlightenment philosophies. The Great Awakening was based on faith and individual salvation. Enlightenment ideas were meant to improve the big
The Baroque Period was the age of reason when minds and imaginations opened up new worlds of scientific knowledge as well as artistic creativity. (Fleming, 75) The Baroque era was a period of opulence and magnificence that gave off a powerful awe inspiring style that was full of flamboyant concepts and overall dramatic quality. From Venice, as well as from Rome and the centers where international mannerism flourished, the roads to Baroque art fanned out in all directions. The style of Baroque art was so diverse that it’s difficult to determine what classifies it as being art of the Baroque era. Although Baroque art has many diverse artistic manifestations there are certain general characteristics that appear in all three types of Baroque art.
Louis the 14th was a very powerful king that had many positive influences over the country of France. As absolute monarch, Louis the 14th had an incredible strategy for ruling and improving his county, making him noteworthy of the title as the greatest king in the history of his country. Louis was able to increase France’s economy by producing its own goods to trade with other countries, as opposed to purchasing goods from other places, which proves to be more costly. In addition to that, he assembled the most advanced army in Europe at that time. Interestingly, Louis became a patron of the arts, and greatly shaped France’s culture by emphasizing the importance of art and theater, climaxing with the Palace at Versailles.
The combination of their beliefs has created a strong form of government that is still used today. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were arguably the two most influential figures in the creation of our modern day government. However, Locke and Hobbes did not have many common beliefs. Their differences started with social contract theory and continued over many other subjects. The two historical figures came together and created a government that still hold strong, centuries later, today.