When they were not busy working on farms, they were busy attending religious ceremonies. Even when a commoner aspired to attain a status higher than what he had been born with, becoming anything more was extremely difficult. Just being accepted into a guild as a craftsman took much effort, for they had limited openings. People were slaves to their government. The only form of justice was the Inquisition, and they often used torture and killing as a method of justice.
Some of the key players in the Enlightenment were Diderot, Voltaire, Rousseau, David, and Jefferson. The increased interest in science and reason inspired by the Enlightenment gave rise to the Industrial Revolution in England that would begin to take shape in mid-1700. New technologies that made use of coal and steam fascinated the people. One artist who held just such a fascination and who gave science and discovery a prominent place in his artwork was Joseph Wright. He favored dramatic scenes that displayed “the wonders of scientific knowledge” to an enthralled audience.
Marian devotion is however, generally not a feature of Protestantism. Christianity emerged from patriarchal societies that placed men in positions of authority in marriage, society and government, but, in various respects, Christ and early Christianity were more inclusive of women. According to the New Testament, Christ appointed only male apostles, but women were active from the beginning as followers of Christ. As devotion to Mary rose in popularity in Catholic Europe through
Because of this, the split between the two churches became more understandable after this dispute. Also, the two churches had conflicting views on the Virgin Mary. The Eastern Orthodox Church believes that the Virgin Mary had resisted sin all of her life. In the Catholic’s eyes, she was born somewhat like Jesus, where she could not sin in her power. These two religion were similar in the belief of the way Communion should be run.
The Church was criticized for a large number of things by the Protestants. One of these was the religious exclusiveness that the Church demonstrated. The Church believed that there is only one true Church, the Roman Catholic Church. This belief turned the word ‘church’ into a proper noun. Another thing that the Church was often criticized for was the lack of separation between Church and State.
From the arts, architecture and buildings, literature and science have changed where each gained more perspective and knowledge around it, creating a wider understanding of the world and beyond. Change that occurred in the Renaissance happened for new discoveries were found and brought back the Ancient Greek and Roman discoveries back. People had a larger and broader knowledge and with patrons to support them, they were able to work to their ability to prove and express their abilities. Art in the Renaissance era had still been based on religious artwork but gained more perspective, creating three dimensional arts and making features more detailed. One of the changes in the arts was the discovery of the human anatomy.
In the end; the reformation opened up a lot of new ideas and also fixed up many of the flaws that were plaguing the Catholic Church. First of all, the Counter Reformation had spread out to other countries, mostly because of the Jesuits. The Jesuits were a group of Catholics that Ignatius Loyola to preach Catholicism. These Jesuits were totally focused on the church and did whatever the pope said to do. Even spread the faith to different countries that had many Protestants.
The Renaissance was a cultural movement in 1450-1600 which began in Italy in the late middle ages and then spread to the rest of Europe. It was a period of learning based on classical influences ranging from the work of artists like Michelangelo to scientists like Galileo to writers like Shakespeare. This surge of learning was caused by manifestation of a boundless and insatiable curiosity urging people to find out all they could about the world and man. They turned eagerly to the study of classic influences of classical literature and ancient monuments because they gave the key to what seemed an immense storehouse of forgotten knowledge. Even though great scientists, like Galileo, immerged and excelled in their own fields of work the rebirth of science also affected and fuelled the rebirth of the arts.
What was the role of the Medieval Roman Catholicism in Christianity? Early Christianity was a way of living every day, every minute. Faith dictated every living moment from the way you dressed and wore your hair, what and when you ate, the way you spoke to one another, including who was permitted to speak in certain circumstances. Faith was the basis of the overall interconnection of the society. Generally disorganized, seldom was there any single person that was deemed as a leader.
Over the past decade many revisions have been made to how people publicly celebrate their faith. Church and state cases have been continues throughout history ranging from whether Jehovah witnesses should be excused from saluting the American flag to whether religious symbols and sayings should be in government buildings or not. The lack of clarification which the term separation of church and state provides sets an unclear message to what the term actually means. The U.S. is a very religious country with religions spanning across the world. Separation of church and state is meant to keep religious freedom while keeping it out of both politics and people with separate religions.