Byzantine art never lost sight of this classical heritage. The Byzantine capital is known as Constantinople, and is known for its abundance of classical sculptures and the entire city was adorned with them. The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial. There were two themes are they are often combined, and it is believed by scholars that this is a direct result of the pious and autocratic nature of the Byzantine society, and partly too because of its economic structure. Portraits of later Byzantine emperors that decorated the interior of the sixth-century church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.
The walls measure 60 feet wide and 36 feet high. The dome and the outer walls contain many windows. Completed in 691 CE. The dome is in the shape of a Byzantine martyrium-a structure intended for the housing and veneration of saintly relics, a prime example of middle Byzantine architecture. The Church of San Vitale is a church located in Ravenna, Italy, and is an example of early Christian Byzantine Art and architecture in Western Europe.
Its influence is also found in many other places. The greatest influence of the Pantheon, however, occurred during the later European revivals of antiquity: at the Romanesque Baptistery in Florence; in Michelangelo’s project for St. Peter’s in Rome; in countless creations by Palladio and his followers; and numerous Baroque and Neoclassical buildings, down to Thomas Jefferson’s University of Virginia campus, and beyond. (Robertson 142). Erected by Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 128 A.D., it was built on the site of an earlier Pantheon, which was erected by Agrippa (Smith 139). According to Leland Roth, “Since the Romans imagined the earth as a disk covered by a heavenly dome, the new building undertaken by Hadrian was to symbolize that universe of earth and the gods.
HAGIA SOPHIA Hagia Sophia is a great architectural beauty and an important monument both for Byzantine and for Ottoman Empires. Once a church, later a mosque, and now a museum at the Turkish Republic, Hagia Sophia has always been the precious of its time. The mystical city Istanbul hosted many civilizations since centuries, of which Byzantium and Ottoman Empires were both the most famous ones. The city today carries the characteristics of these two different cultures and surely Hagia Sophia is a perfect synthesis where one can observe both Ottoman and Byzantium effects under one great dome. Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, "Holy Wisdom"; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Aya Sofya) is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
Medieval cathedrals such as Chartres show the strength and majesty of the Catholic Church. The original Romanesque cathedral in Chartres that was built in the eleventh century burned down in a fire in 1134. The cathedral was then rebuilt in the gothic style, but then another fire destroyed all except the towers and the west front in 1194. (Hallam) The new Gothic cathedral was regarded as one of the first examples of High Gothic architecture. There was a genuine desire to build places of worship and prayer and to build a cathedral as a way to pay homage to God.
Gothic Cathedrals Martha Wolbert American Intercontinental University Abstract This essay will be discussing Gothic Cathedrals and their artistic meanings. The two Cathedrals that will be talked about are Notre Dame and the Cologne Cathedral. This essay will discuss the use of colors, techniques, and materials used in the construction of each of these Cathedrals; along with their subject matter and functionality of artwork; but most important, the message that the artist is trying to convey to everyone. Gothic Cathedrals Cologne Cathedral The creation of the infamous Cologne Cathedral initiated in the year 1248 when the Cardinal Konrad Von Hochstanden put the first stone in. This Cathedral was in devotion to the Blessed Virgin
Engraved into the stone around the main entrance is the quotation “We have lived long but this is noblest work of our whole lives…..The United States take rank this day among the first powers of the earth, said by Robert Livingston on signing of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During his run for governor Huey Long started the construction of a new, modern capitol building to replace the old Louisiana State Capitol in
While The Entombment of Christ is a representation of religious and spiritual views, it also showcases passionate and dramatic portrayals of the greatest sacrifice ever made by Christ. During my trip to the Metropolitan Art Museum I decided to focus on A.D. 1400-1600 Medieval Art and eventually decided upon The Entombment of Christ. Located in MET gallery 306 the large limestone sculpture stands out immediately. The recess measures 96 x 104 x 32 inches while the overall measurements along with the frame measures a massive 183 x 145 x 32 inches. The beautiful stonework although dated still has great detail and texture, exemplified by the azurite lead paint that although clearly faded, still shows signs of red and orange shades.
Even though the value systems of the religions vary, and there are significant differences between the styles and purposes of these structures; there are also a number of notable similarities. Notre-Dame in Paris is a Gothic cathedral dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which is not uncommon for cathedrals. The Gothic style is very ornate and has many embellishments, including stained glass windows. During the Gothic era, the use of architectural forms such as pointed arches, rib vaults, and exterior building supports in the form of flying buttresses resulted in the creation of tall and light-filled buildings that are extremely impressive on both the interior and the exterior for their enormous size and loftiness (Ross 40). The floor plan of the cathedral was in the shape of the Latin cross and at the upper part of the building, gargoyles were believed to ward off evil (Fiero 308-311).
The votive statue of Eannatum has pearl type inlays and a modern bitumin inlay. The statue is Sumerian, which is the earliest civilization known to history and is known as modern day Iraq. It was once a part of Mesopotamia, the region where agriculture and cities first developed. One of the oldest forms of writing was cuneiform and during the Early Dynastic period, both temples and private residencies shared architectural concepts (Amiet). These residencies were housed to kings and priests, and they are the iconographies in the images in art.