Process Report of a Client Centred Therapy Session Reflection and Literature Review "It is that the individual has within himself or herself vast resources for self-understanding, for altering his or her self-concept, attitudes and self-directed behavior - and that these resources can be tapped if only a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes can be provided." (Rogers, 1986, cited in The Carl Rogers Reader by Kirschenbaum & Henderson, 1989, p.135) This process report is an assignment for the Humanistic Approach module required as evidence that students have acquired the skills and understood how to work with clients from a humanistic perspective. The humanistic approach evolved in the United States in 1950s and it was proposed by Carl Rogers who proposed that “therapy could be simpler,
Introduction In this assignment, I will be explaining in more detail; the person centred model of counselling, used primarily during this Level 3 course. The concepts and principles of the model and who was responsible for them. I will be seeking the value of the person-centred model and pitting it alongside its counterparts. I shall discussing two other models, their key features and uses and compare and contrast with the person-centred model of counselling. In doing so, this will raise my knowledge and awareness, of the person-centred model and other models used within counselling.
Personal integration in counselling psychotherapy Introduction. Being a good therapist some would say is about being human with another human being and not about applying theory, others may find it hard not to deal with the theory, using it constantly, thinking about theory in relation to each question that could be asked while being with the client. I would suggest that theory needs to be part of me, and I need to be part of the theory. Integrating theory allows it not to be different from me, it allows theory to be part of me. Horton (1999), regarded personal integration as a desire to clarify what is a model of counselling or psychotherapy, then use the conclusion as a way to structure the elements for an analysis of thinking in practice.
However the theoretical differences are more apparent. The psychodynamic approach is heavily influenced in a biological sense and focuses mainly on the unconscious. The emphasis in the therapeutic relationship is why they feel/act the way they do. Therapy assumes the problems we face as adults stems from childhood experiences. Cognitive-behavioural approach places more emphasis on techniques and strategies.
On the other hand I am going to discuss how learning the person centred approach has affected my personal and work life in a positive way. The first core condition is called congruence; it can also be described as realness or genuineness. ‘it has been found that personal change is facilitated when the psychotherapist is what he is,
Jean Piaget focused his research on studying children and observing their thought processes. With the use of observations, dialogues and small-scale experiments, Piaget argued that to achieve reason and logic children experienced stages of ‘intellectual development’ (Smith, Cowie & Blades, 2003, p.514). According to Passer, M., Smith, R., Holt, N., Bremner, A., Sutherland, E., & Vliek, M. (2009) the four stages of cognitive growth that Piaget founded were the sensorimotor stage (from birth to two years of age), the pre-operational stage (ages 2 to 7), the concrete operational stage (ages 7 to 12) and finally the formal operational stage (ages 12 onwards). In the first stage infants “understand the world through sensory and motor experiences” and learn of object permanence. Object permanence is
Compare and contrast the person-centred and mindfulness approaches to understanding and working with fear and sadness. Which of these two approaches do you feel more drawn to and why? This essay will look at the key features of person-centred and mindfulness counselling approaches in regards to working with fear and sadness. The essay will follow on by looking at the similarities and differences between the two approaches, closing on my own inclinations towards the person centred approach before concluding. The purpose of person-centred approach during counselling is to increase ones self –esteem, whilst being open about new experiences allowing one to find out where they belong and to be contented with life.
As each approach differs, so do the views pertaining to the relationship between the counsellor and client. This differentiation is of essential importance as this relationship proves to be of fundamental consequence in therapy and in serving the client’s needs suitably. With reference to the different views of the aforesaid relationship, this essay will explore three approaches to counselling known as the psychodynamic, person-centred and cognitive-behavioural approaches to counselling. This exploration will attempt to compare and contrast each approach whilst exploring the possibility of which one may prove to be most beneficial and effective. Additionally, these will be critically compared and contrasted with reference to how each approach views and differs with respect to the nature of the counselling relationship, what the ideal nature of the relationship is, how the relationship can benefit or hinder therapy, and if and how it is used to assist therapy.
This paper seeks to define the effect humanistic and existential theories have on personality as well as interpersonal relationships. Humanistic and Existential Theories Affect on Personality Humanistic theories of personality believe that all humans are good. This theory also stresses the importance to achieve an individual’s full potential. The focus of the humanistic theory is on the self, which translates into "YOU", and "your" perception of "your" experiences. Abraham Maslow’s introduced the hierarchy of needs that emphasizes the importance of self-actualization.
The reason I chose this therapy is the realistic understanding of directing individuals in seeking the best possible life given the powers and circumstances that exist. Many clinical problems are best described as disorders of thought and feeling, and since behavior is effectively controlled by the way we think the most logical and effective way of trying to change maladjusted behavior is to change the unbalanced thought processes that lie behind it. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is comprised of both cognitive and behavioral techniques. The premise underlying a cognitive-behavioral is that difficulties in living, relationships, general health, etc., have their origin in and are maintained by both cognitive and behavioral factors. What is Cognitive Behavioral Theory?