Running head: Piaget, Vygotsky, and Erikson Piaget, Vygotsky, and Erikson Introduction The purpose of this article review is to summarize three articles. The articles this article review will summarize are Piaget’s Equilibration Theory and the Young Gifted Child: A Balancing Act, Vygotsky’s Theory in the Classroom: Introduction, and Gifted Children and Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development. These articles touch on the major theories of Jean Piaget, Vygotsky, and Erik Erikson’s and educational implications for each. Each psychologists contributed to psychology, although Vygotsky’s work was not recognized until 1960, there work were often the build blocks for cognitive, social, and cultural development. Piaget’s Equilibration Theory and the Young Gifted Child: A Balancing Act.
Using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales to Detect Developmental Delays in Pre-school Children Tania Feliciano Psychological Testing GPS 231.6 Professor Lynn Mudryk Abstract This paper explores the effectiveness in using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale to detect developmental delays in pre-school age children. The study of intelligence has captivated the interest of many psychologists and scientists of different fields. They have encountered complexities of an individual and in their learning abilities. We will examine one of such tests in the beginnings of intelligence testing. The articles used will explain how this test was developed and how, when administered correctly, it can identify the signs of early developmental delays in children.
2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice Theories of development: Cognitive Piaget was working on an intelligence test when he noticed that children consistently gave similar wrong answers to some questions, and he began to consider why this was. Piagets theory of learning is sometimes referred to as a constructivist approach. According to Piagets theory, there are four stages of learning, these are: Assimilation. In this stage the child constructs a theory (Schema) Equilibrium. The childs experiences so far seem to fit the schema, everything balances.
I need to include a definition and examples of communication and language development. Select two theoretical perspective which relate to the chosen areas of development I choose Adam Et Al who studied the theories of transition and how children’s behaviour could change when moving from nursery to school or even school to further education. The other theorist I am going to look at is Maria Montessori for example how she believed and had child sized furniture in her nurseries. I can explain how different theorists believed that children developed and learned in different ways for example
Furthermore, Vygotsky’s socioeconomic model is discussed, with emphasis on the role of language and the cognitive influence of parent-child tutoring interactions and more specifically scaffolding tutoring. Similarities and differences between the two central concepts are also a subject of discussion. Finally, some evidence for the impact of peer-to-peer relationships in toddlers is presented. Based on the existing literature the thesis of this essay is that intra and interpersonal processes are both influential when it comes to forming children’s social and cognitive skills. One of the fundamental theories in the field of social and cognitive development is that of the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980).
He was more interested in the theory of knowledge and took an interest in children and their reasoning. As a result he began to observe how children’s minds develop, hoping to discover the key to human knowledge. In his work, he identified the stages of mental growth in childhood development and theorized that all children progressed through stages of cognitive development. Piaget also discovered that children think and reason differently at various stages in their lives. Although he believed in four stages, only one is directly related to early childhood development and this is the sensorimotor stage.
They both agreed that children’s cognitive development took places in stages, but however were distinguished by the different styles of thinking. Piaget was the first to reveal that children reason and think differently at different periods in their lives. He believed that all children progress through four different four different stages. These four stages are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. The first stage of his cognitive development is the sensorimotor stage this happens between birth and two years old.
CYP 3.1 2.3 Explain how the theories of development frameworks to support development influence current practice Researched from How Children Learn by Linda Pound Jean Piaget - Cognitive Piaget was interested in intellectual development. He identified 4 stages of development from birth through to adulthood. These are Sensorimotor Piaget called the first 2 years of a child's life the sensorimotor stage. This is when babies/toddlers knowledge and understanding are chiefly drawn from physical action and their sight, sound, taste, touch and smell (senses). Preoperational This is the stage from the age of 2 year up to the age of around 6 or 7 years old.
Unit 331 Child Development Activity 1 Jean Piaget was a psychologist who studied cognitive development in children. He did this by observing, asking questions and listening while the children completed tasks he set them. His theorised that the way children think is led by their age and stage of development and that they are unable to complete certain tasks unless psychologically mature enough. He referred to children as ‘little scientists’ exploring the world around them and learning through experience. Piaget proposed that we all go through four key stages of intellectual growth, which he called schema, where we acquire knowledge and then adapt what we already know.
He firstly observed his own children as they played. His observations convinced him that children’s ability to think and reason progresses through a series of qualitatively distinct stages. There were four main stages. The sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the stage of concrete operations, and the stage of formal operations. He focused mainly on the sensorimotor stage, at this stage the first two years of life takes place.