In the mid-1950s, bandleader Isidro Lopez used accordion in his band, thus beginning the evolution of Tejano music. The rock-influenced Little Joe was the first major star of this scene. Hip hop In the 1980s, hip hop saw its first taste of mainstream success with LL Cool J and Kurtis Blow. Meanwhile, hip hop was continuing its spread from the East Coast to most major urban areas across the country, and abroad. At the end of the decade, two albums broke the genre into the mainstream.
These bands used to be called as ‘New Orleans Jazz’. During 1920s, white jazz bands’ pieces were called ‘Dixieland jazz’. However from 1940s, people combined those two types of bands and call them ‘Dixieland jazz’. Dixieland jazz style was created in the early 1920s. Dixieland jazz style is strongly inﬂuenced by the ‘traditions of blues, ragtime and brass band because Dixieland jazz was created when the traditions of blues, ragtime, and brass band were integrated into one musical piece’ (http://www.historyjazz.com).
Mambo included very little vocal sections, if any, but was primarily instrumental dance music. Mambo found its way to prominence after Perez Prado created a dance for this new genre. In 1943, he introduced his new dance at the La Tropicana night club in Havana, Cuba. After spreading his new genre of mambo to Mexico and New York City it had become a very popular, and by the mid 1950’s it had reached its height in New York City. Mambo was then played at the famous, Palladium Ballroom, where famous mambo dancers of the day such as Augie and Margo Rodriguez and Louie Maquina showcased
The European part being mainly the melodies and harmony of the Andalucia region of Spain (the homeland of the Conquistadors), while the African part in Salsa is mainly from the western coast of Africa where the slave trade was most prevalent.” ("Justsalsa.com," n.d, p. 1) It is said that “Between 1930 and 1960 there were musicians from Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico and South America coming to New York to perform. They brought their own native rhythms and musical forms with them, but as they listened to each other and played music together, the musical influences mixed, fused and evolved.” (latinmusic.about.com, Lilich, n.d, p. 1) “This type of musical hybridization gave birth to the 1950s creation of the mambo from son, conjunto and jazz traditions. Continuing musical fusion went on to include what we know today as the cha cha cha, rhumba, conga and, in the 1960s, salsa.” (latinmusic.about.com, Lilich, n.d, p. 1) The type of instruments used in salsa music is what makes salsa music so unique. Salsa music has a heavy use of percussion (clave, maracas, conga, bongo, tambora, bato, cowbell.) Other salsa instruments include
While jazz music began to spread around the world via radio broadcasts in the 1940s, Jamaica picked up on the style and watched its own bands emerge. By the 1950s, Jamaica began a music label titled West Indian Record Limited (WIRL), which released recordings of local bands on the island. In the 1960s, Jamaican musicians grabbed their own identity in the music industry when they created an original genre known as ska. The people of Jamaica loved ska music because of its fast, catchy riffs and the fact that the lyrics fit the mood of current events in the country. At the time, Jamaica was receiving independence.
Some musicians which he has influenced are: Eric Clapton, Robert Plant, and ZZ Top (Kirkpatrick 50). Clapton had previously said, “Muddy took the music of the Delta plantation, transplanted it in a Chicago nightclub, surrounded it in a electric band, and changed the course of popular music forever” (qtd. in Kirkpatrick 50-51). The styles of both the Blues and the nearly synonymous Gospels are practically interchangeable; Blues songs can be transformed into Gospel songs and vice versa. With that being said, both styles have their own sounds and meanings (Mississippi Blues Commission).
Throughout the story the unnamed narrator struggles to embrace sonny for who is, its not until the end of the story when the narrator goes to one of Sonny’s Jazz shows, where he fully understands and truly fathoms who Sonny really is as a person and musician. I believe James Baldwin uses the genre of Jazz music in order for the audience to fully grasp the concept behind the story. Jazz plays a key role in linking the passage to a more a deeper meaning of life it self in Sonny’s case. Jazz music is a style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in black communities in the Southern United States around the mid 1900. Jazz was a way for African Americans to express their dismay and hardship through music.
When speaking to anyone who is familiar with dance found in the 1920’s through the 1960’s, it is naturally commonly acknowledged that the father of not only the Jive but also the entire Swing Dance division was the Lindy Hop. It is accepted that the true start of the Lindy Hop was in the early 1920’s, yet there are some pieces of evidence that can be interpreted to similar dances, dated back to nearly the 18th century. Combining a wide variety of popular dances worldwide led to the creation of the Lindy Hop. Many of these dances were created and developed in the African American dominated communities. Similar to the way that Jazz was viewed as a music that could absorb and evolve with alternative forms of music; the Lindy Hop was designed to also encompass the constant evolution of social desires and cultural needs, while keeping a basic foundation.
“The King of Swing: Benny Goodman and his Lasting Influences” Known as the “King of Swing”, Benny Goodman used his love of jazz and classical music to propel a career that spanned nearly six decades and drove jazz varieties to unprecedented levels of popularity. His influences on music included the introduction of the Swing Era, the propulsion of Bebop, and the commission of some of the greatest classical clarinet compositions of all time. Yet Goodman was more than a musician, and his desire to achieve perfection led him to break racial barriers in the music scene at a time when the nation was deeply divided by color. Born to a large, poverty stricken family in 1909, Benny Goodman first discovered the clarinet at age 10 (“Benny Goodman”, 2011). Two years later, while playing onstage at a small regional show, he caught the ear of bandleader Ben Pollack and was given a spot in Pollack’s band.
Benny Goodman; the King of Swing Benny Goodman was a man of many talents; musical and in personality. He came to be known as “The King of Swing”. The definition of music is an art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and color and Benny Goodman did that exquisitely with his clarinet. Goodman changed the face of the music world during the late “Roaring 20s” and early 1930s. Benjamin David Goodman was born in Chicago on May 30, 1909.