John Coltrane – Who is he (Analysis) John Coltrane was born in September 23rd, 1926, in Hamlet, North Carolina and died in July 17th in Huntington, New York at the young age of 40. He was called a revolutionary saxophonist. He also helped pioneer the genre modal jazz along side the great, Miles Davis. Early in his career, he would play in two genres, which is bebop and hard bop. He grabbed hold of a saxophone at the age of 13 and shows great talent.
These bands used to be called as ‘New Orleans Jazz’. During 1920s, white jazz bands’ pieces were called ‘Dixieland jazz’. However from 1940s, people combined those two types of bands and call them ‘Dixieland jazz’. Dixieland jazz style was created in the early 1920s. Dixieland jazz style is strongly inﬂuenced by the ‘traditions of blues, ragtime and brass band because Dixieland jazz was created when the traditions of blues, ragtime, and brass band were integrated into one musical piece’ (http://www.historyjazz.com).
Benny Goodman; the King of Swing Benny Goodman was a man of many talents; musical and in personality. He came to be known as “The King of Swing”. The definition of music is an art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and color and Benny Goodman did that exquisitely with his clarinet. Goodman changed the face of the music world during the late “Roaring 20s” and early 1930s. Benjamin David Goodman was born in Chicago on May 30, 1909.
Latin music Latin music imported from Cuba (chachachá, mambo, rumba) and Mexico (ranchera and mariachi) had brief periods of popularity during the 50s. The earliest popular Latin music in the United States came with rumba in the early 1930s, and was followed by calypso in the mid-40s, mambo in the late 40s and early 50s, chachachá and charanga in the mid-50s, bolero in the late 50s and finally boogaloo in the mid-60s, while Latin music mixed with jazz during the same period, resulting in Latin jazz and the bossa nova fusion cool jazz. The first Mexican-Texan pop star was Lydia Mendoza, who began recording in 1934. It was not until the 40s, however, that musica norteña became popularized by female duets like Carmen y Laura and Las Hermanas Mendoza, who had a string of regional hits. The following decade saw the rise of Chelo Silva, known as the "Queen of the (Mexican) Bolero", who sang romantic pop songs.
Mambo music is up tempo and mainly instrumental that has many different distinctions and definitions. It is a big-band dance music genre featuring antiphonal sectional arrangements for contrasting brass instruments. Typical instruments involved in a mambo song are the conga, cajon, bongo, timbales, claves, upright bass, piano, trombones, trumpets, and saxophone. Mambo has its origins in American big band style of music mashed together with Cuban ideas of the montuno and danzon. The montuno involves a rhythmic backbeat infused with often-improvised solos.
It was recorded on August 22, 1938 by Decca Records, whom he had a record deal with. I would consider this piece’s genre to be Big Band Jazz/Swing with a medium/fast tempo. The detailed dynamics, syncopated rhythms, and up-tempo swing really add to the excitement of this tune, which is in the musical form AABA. The song starts off with a 2 bar piano intro which gets the rhythm flowing and lets sections continuously join in, and is followed by four 32 bar AABA choruses. The soloing instruments seem to be the tenor saxophone, piano, trumpet (sometimes muted), and more saxophones.
The saxophone started to be used in little orchestras in the 1800’s. It was also popular in military bands. It gained greater popularity in the 1920’s because of jazz music.The reason a saxophone is considered a woodwind is because the way it is played is very similar to the clarinet. It is made of brass, and is the only woodwind that has never been made of wood. It has a single reed mouthpiece.
“The King of Swing: Benny Goodman and his Lasting Influences” Known as the “King of Swing”, Benny Goodman used his love of jazz and classical music to propel a career that spanned nearly six decades and drove jazz varieties to unprecedented levels of popularity. His influences on music included the introduction of the Swing Era, the propulsion of Bebop, and the commission of some of the greatest classical clarinet compositions of all time. Yet Goodman was more than a musician, and his desire to achieve perfection led him to break racial barriers in the music scene at a time when the nation was deeply divided by color. Born to a large, poverty stricken family in 1909, Benny Goodman first discovered the clarinet at age 10 (“Benny Goodman”, 2011). Two years later, while playing onstage at a small regional show, he caught the ear of bandleader Ben Pollack and was given a spot in Pollack’s band.
To earn extra cash, he also worked as a rehearsal pianist for Broadway singers. In 1916, he composed his first published song, “When You Want ’Em You Can’t Get ’Em.” This song demonstrated innovative new techniques, but only earned him five dollars. Soon after, however, he met a young lyricist named Irving Ceaser. Together they composed a number of songs including “Swanee,” which sold more than a million copies. In 1924, George formed a partnership with his brother, Ira.
The sixties were when many artists started experimenting with different sound techniques such as distortion and playback. Among The Beatles and The Who, Jimi Hendrix was one of the pioneers in this new world of music. He was left handed but played a right handed guitar "upside down" which let him experiment more with his playing methods. The Sixties was also a great time for dance innovation with many dance fads and crazes coming into style. America and other countries were coming out of the Jive period and Rock-n-Roll was ushering in new and exciting dance moves which started the era of the Twist.