However, jazz gained a wide audience when white orchestras adapted or imitated it, and became legitimate entertainment in the late 1930s when Benny Goodman led racially mixed groups in concerts at Carnegie Hall. Show tunes became common vehicles for performance, and, while the results were exquisite, rhythmic and harmonic developments were impeded until the mid-1940s. The blues, vocal and instrumental, was and is a vital component of jazz. With the passing of time, New Orleans jazz declined greatly by the 1970s. However it began to enjoy a bit of renaissance in the 1980s when Wynton Marsalis, who originally played hard bop and post bop, began to explore his roots.
The instruments used in swing were brass (trumpets and trombones), saxophone, and rhythm section containing piano, guitar, bass, and drums. The piano played the melody while the guitar and bass strummed one chord on each beat knows as rhythm guitar style. In “Sittin’ In” by Roy Eldridge and Chu Berry recorded in November 1938 it is compiled of a jazz combo. This piece starts out with the trumpet then is accompanied by piano, guitar and drummer, shortly incorporating the saxophone into the melody. At about the middle of the song, the drummer has a solo part and brings back in the other instruments.
Louis Armstrong and The Hot Five Study- By Hannah Brown Louis Armstrong and The Hot Five Study- By Hannah Brown The Hot Five was Louis Armstrong's first jazz recording band led under his own name. It was a typical New Orleans jazz band in instrumentation, consisting of trumpet, clarinet, and trombone backed by a rhythm section. The original New Orleans jazz style leaned heavily on collective improvisation, where the three horns together played the lead: the trumpet played the main melody, and the clarinet and trombone played improvised accompaniments to the melody. This tradition was continued in the Hot Five, but because of Armstrong's creative gifts as a trumpet player, solo passages where the trumpet played
Sheretta Williams Art March 15, 2013 Jazz History What does the word Jazz actually mean? It means a style of music, native to America, characterized by a strong but flexible rhythmic understructure with solo and ensemble improvisations on basic tunes and chord patterns and, more recently, a highly sophisticated harmonic idiom. Jazz can be known by distinguishing features. First it points out the lesser beats in the bar or club second and fourth; it is similar to the music that is traditional that points out the 1st and 3rd beat. Next thing is the syncopation through short and strong rhythmic phases.
New crazes came along, and new kinds of music. But ragtime continued to be performed and recorded, and it clearly had a major influence on early jazz greats such as "Jelly Roll" Morton, and on early jazz styles such as Dixieland and "Harlem Stride" jazz piano. As jazz went on to develop other styles, ragtime faded and was nearly forgotten.” But some enthusiasts who were exploring the roots of jazz began a ragtime revival in the 1940's. The revival gained momentum very slowly until, in 1973, the movie ‘The Sting’ reintroduced ragtime to the general public. Classic rags, particularly Joplin's “The Entertainer’, became once again a part of the standard band and piano repertoire.
By 1943 he began a series of annual concerts at Carnegie Hall, which was an indication of how much jazz was now accepted in prestigious western classical concert venues. Ellington used this opportunity to write longer and more ambitious works in several movements, like the epic musical history of African-American life, Black, Brown and Beige. Between 1927 and 1931 the Ellington Orchestra played its most famous residency. At the Cotton Club in Harlem, the band backed ‘jungle’ dance-theatre routines in a variety of shows, part of a new popular interest in African-American culture later known as the Harlem Renaissance. During the Cotton Club years, the Ellington band
He performed in numerous venues, such as Carnegie Hall in 1938, the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles, and the Paramount Theatre. He had influences such as jazz clarinetists Johnny Dodds, Leon Roppolo, and Jimmy Noone. Benny Goodman came to be known as The King of Swing by touring across America to show the world his style of music. Benny started playing the clarinet at the age of ten. In 1919, Goodman started lessons at the Kehelah Jacob Synagogue in Chicago.
Going back to the 1920s In the 1920s, there were lots of crime, violence, and bootlegging. There was also a new type of music called Jazz. Jazz music came from African Americans in the southern United States which included Ragtime and Blues. Younger people of this time thought that the jazz age was the bee’s knees and loved to dance to this new music. Hoppers would dance in Harlem which had some 500 dance joints.
Hamidi Brown Jazz History 2/24/13 Swing Era It never occurred to me that so many great influential musicians emerged during the swing era. Coleman Hawkins was the first musician I read about, His recording of “Body and Soul” emerged him to the forefront of national jazz, as referred to on (p.259). Hawkins worked in Europe with Benny Carter, Django Reinhardt, and others before he returned to the US. Soon after Hawkins was finish recording “Body and Soul” World War II began. Some of Hawkins ideas were seen as transitional, but many Americans loved his double time outburst over the chorus pattern, usually performed by Louis Armstrong 20 years earlier.
Jazz Taking about the Jazz world and not mentioning Louis Armstrong is not possible. In every Jazz musician life no matter what kind of instrument they played, Louis Armstrong played a very important part and been very influential in their carrier. The birth of jazz was around the beginning of 20th century and originated within the African-American communities of the Southern United States. Jazz music is an art of improvisation. It is a combination of improvisation, swing notes, backbeats, and blues with brass instruments.