De�� Medici Family The House of Medici was one of the most significant Florentine political and banking dynasties during the European Renaissance. Later it became a powerful and prominent royal house under Cosimo de’ Medici in the Republic of Florence. Originally from the Mugello region in the Tuscan countryside, the family’s power gradually rose until it was able to found the Medici Bank in 1397. It was the largest and most respected bank during its time, and eventually made the House of Medici the wealthiest family in Europe (Jurdjevig 1). The Medici family also had an impact in the history of the Catholic Church with four Popes from the Medici heritage.
The many revolutions and patriotic acts made him a popular figure in Italian culture and thus became known as a popular patriot. Garibaldi, from a young age showed interest in the military lifestyle by joining the merchant navy at the age of fifteen. By taking part in what was the countries commercial shipping fleet he became acquainted with Giuseppe Mazzini, a republican extremist who set the foundation for the unification of Italy through his ideals. Years after Garibaldi joined Mazzini’s “young Italy” movement which was meant to promote unification ideas and revolutionary plans throughout Italy. After a failed attempted coup, the conspirators which included Garibaldi were sentenced to death.
Napoleon planned an attack on the Royalists and defeated them again. Napoleon became indispensable to the Directory he returned to Paris from Italy as a hero, more popular than the Directors. In 1798 Napoleon planned to invade Britain but on realizing the French were not equipped to do so, he decided to do an expedition to Egypt instead. He included academics and intellectuals in his army because he wanted to plunder Egypt militarily but also culturally. On the way he conquered Malta and finally arrived in Egypt where he easily won the battle of the Pyramids.
"1Early on, Florence was the major center of humanism. Francesco Petrarch (b. 1304) and Giovanni Boccaccio (b. 1313), two of the most important humanists, were born in Florence and influenced the progressive thinking in that city. BERNARDO DADDI Second only to Giotto, Bernardo Daddi was among the leading painters active in Florence during the first half of the 14th century.
Plenty of political power and perhaps more importantly the struggle around Machiavelli with lots of different factions looking to take control of the principality. Machiavelli was very much a simple man from a simple background. He spent his life as a mid-level government employee, working quite comfortably within the Florence republic until it collapsed in 1507, and then was exiled out, and accused of treason. This is when he found time to write the book “The Prince”, which he wanted to give to the government of Florence, the Medici Family. This can also be proven by the fact that the book was dedicated to Medici’s Grandson.
He was seen as an applicator of law and order, which was a very important issue in that moment where strikes and social and politic conflict occurred. Another important aspect of Mussolini’s political race was that he started creating the “Fasci di Combattimento”. It was a group of ex-soldiers who carry with the frustration of failing in the war. They made strikes in cities claiming for solutions in the political sector. They gain a lot of popularity and transformed this revolutionary group in a political party.
Rome & America: A Repeat in History Barry Goldwater once said a government that is big enough to give you all you want could be big enough to take it all away. Many factors led to Rome’s fall at the end. In someway they are all connected, but society was the main factor. Self-indulgent and greedy people caused Rome’s downfall of society, and it is similar to what is happening today in the United States. Rome adopted much from Greek culture.
Mussolini used the fasces as his symbol to show that he was going to revive the glories of the ancient Roman Empire. In 1922 Mussolini and his Fascists took control over the government. This happened since Italy had a series of weak governments. The latest resigned in October 1922. Thousands of Mussolini followers were then organised for a ‘March on Rome’ (although Mussolini went by train).
How did authoritarian governments emerge in the different countries of Spain, Germany, and Italy? Since the countries were in a state of depression, the government became weak, and this gave political parties a chance to rise to power. Mussolini increased military powers in Italy, and gained the favor of the people. He rose to dictatorship, and Hitler also increased military power. Later, Franco rose to power and ruled Spain.
The four main reasons for the collapse of the empire are Economics. Power (Army), Religion and Power (Emperor). The first reason for the collapse of the empire is Economics. I can support this as the roman emperors spent a lot of money on showing off to others, making others feel jealous and for their own pleasure. Some of the things they spent it on were golden statues of themselves, banquets that were very expensive and clothes made out of the finest, unique fabrics instead of trying to develop the infrastructure of Rome.