House of the Vetti

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Since the excavation of Pompeii and Herculaneum began, many sites have been uncovered and shown to reveal a glimpse into the past. In the city of Pompeii one of the most famous of the luxurious residences is the House of the Vettii, preserved like the rest of the Roman city by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD. The house is named for its owners, two successful freedmen: Aulus Vettius Conviva, and Aulus Vettius Restitutus. The House of the Vettii exhibits a number of features including many of frescoes, it provides detailed look into the transition that the city of Pompeii was undergoing in the mid-first century A.D. The House of the Vettii is located on a back street, opposite a bar. The house is built round two compluviums, centers open to the sky, a dim atrium into which a visitor would pass, coming from a small dark vestibule that led from the street entrance, and beyond—perpendicular to the entrance axis—a day lit peristyle of fluted Doric columns surrounded on all sides by a richly frescoed portico, with the more formal spaces opening onto it. Servants' quarters are to one side off the atrium, arranged round a small atrium of their own. The house illustrates a combination of general architectural design and layout at the time as well as location placement of luxurious villas owned by the wealthy. After a large earthquake in A.D. 62, recorded by Suetonius in his Life of Nero, many of the older elite families moved out of Pompeii to other towns. This wealth vacuum led to the rise of the "nouveau-riche", often wealthy freedmen pursuing power and stature. The Vettii brothers were a prime example of this new class that arrived in Pompeii with the earthquake rubble. The very fact that these two brothers were able to rise from the status of slaves to wealthy merchants speaks to the social mobility within their society Wall painting can be considered the most

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