Because of these pessimistic beliefs, people believed that there is no life after death and human beings were created to serve Gods. Greek In the Greek myths, everything rose from chaos. Love and desire played a crucial role in the whole mythology. Greek gods emphasize beauty, power, and desire. We can see that most of these Gods have had different sexual relations with different gods.
The Odyssey In the epic poem, The Odyssey, by the Greek poet Homer, the main character, Odysseus, shows signs of heroism. The poem tells the story of Odysseus, a war hero from Ithaca and his journey to redress himself. Throughout the story, Odysseus proves himself to be the hero through his masterful skills, breathtaking strength, and quick thinking. To finally redress himself, he needed wisdom from several of gods. However, Odysseus has good traits that an epic hero has, but he also have bad traits too, such as, being overconfident and angering gods.
The Odyssey is an epic story of Odysseus, his journey home, and the trials he encounters on his way. Due to a selfish statement against the gods he is punished and prevented from returning home. During his journey he is subjected to temptation and many obstacles that prevent his return. Odysseus uses his intellectual power to overcome situations still that relate to society today. After Odysseus leads the defeating blow to the Trojans he proclaims his superiority over the gods.
In the Greek world during the time period of “The Odyssey”, men who went into battle wanted to be glorified for their sacrifice and be remembered forever. This holds true to the main character Odysseus. While being trapped on the island of Ogygia by the goddess Calypso, he was not only safe from the wrath of Poseidon, but he was offered immortality and a beautiful woman (Calypso who by the way would never age) to have for all eternity. Most men would have accepted the offer from Calypso without second thought, but not Odysseus. His response to the offer was “what I want and all my days I pine for is to go back to my house and see my day of homecoming.”(OD 5.
Under Pericles leadership, Athens refused to back down and this war started. After 10 years of war, a truce cane in 421, but only lasted until 415. The last straw was when the Athenians launched a massive attack on Sicily. The expedition consisted of Athens, led by Alcibiades) attacking Sicily because they were the food providers for Sparta. Almost the whole Athenian army and navy was sent to cut off the supplies, however the plans backfired and Athens was greatly affected and barely recovered its military, finally in 405 the Spartan navy defeated Athenians in the battle of
King Leonidas Leonidas was the king of Sparta at one time. He is most famous for leading the three hundred Spartans against the Persian army. He lived in the Peloponnesus and the city state of Sparta. Leonidas had a major impact in his time; he led troops to eliminate Persians to defend Sparta. Doing this Sparta and Athens won the war against the Persians, but ended up losing to Rome.
Oedipus and Creon are similar in this sense, that their differing characters allow us to analyze one character at a time. Creon serves as a foil character to Oedipus in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex through his personality, style of power, and views of their lifestyle. During the time of the play, Gods were worshipped not in the theological sense, but in the belief of them being the forces of nature. When Oedipus is informed of his city’s turmoil, he expresses concern for his people, but when he hears the Chorus desperately crying to the gods, he answers with “You pray to the gods? Let me grant your prayers.
The goddess Athena was the main patron of Odysseus and she was a rival to Poseidon, by beating him in the patron deity of Athens. He was supremely mad at Odysseus for blinding his son Polyphemus the Cyclops Odysseus and his men blinded and stole food from. Poseidon is God of the sea, offending him caused numerous delays in Odysseus’ sea voyage home. King Aeolus God of the winds welcomed Odysseus kindly on his island. Offered his winds to help Odysseus and his men get home briefly.
Now just like in the first war Sparta couldn’t do it alone; so they asked the Persians to help conquer Athens. They asked their own enemy for help. This truly was a good example of history repeating itself. Mainly because Spartans defeated the Persians on land and Athenians defeated them in the sea. This time Spartans defeated the Athenians on land and the Persians defeated the Athenians in the sea.
In Greek mythology there are a many stories that depict warriors that go out on these dangerous quests willing to sacrifice themselves and do whatever it takes for the goodness of mankind, completing extraordinary tasks that would be impossible for any mere man or woman to accomplish. Author and academic Lewis R. Farnell tells us “a hero in Greek religion is considered a famous person, who after his death, was worshiped as quasi-divine.” Which means one of the major elements that define a Greek hero is the way he is worshipped after death by the people he saved sacrificing himself in the process. Farnell also tells that the people worshipped the brave heroes in a different way to how they would attend and pray for the dead, differentiating the rituals heroes and mere men would receive, “In hero worship, as in the worship of all infernal powers, rituals were performed at night, black animals were sacrificed, and blood and other liquid offerings were poured beside the hero's tomb.” When we talk about Heroes in Greek mythology especially, they are usually accompanied by a number of different personal qualities and characteristics, the is always the protagonist in the myth fighting for justice and freedom against tyranny and showed great courage, strength, confidence and bravery when all things seemed to be hopeless and lost, which expressed a number of moral values. A Greek hero is usually half mortal half god (demi-god) where one of the parents would be mortal and the other divine. These traits are evident in the story of Perseus, one of the oldest and most celebrated heroes in Greek mythology, as we are told by Homer’s epic poem the Iliad, Perseus was a demi-god because he was son of Zeus and Danae princess of Argos, “Then