Dealing with Geriatric Inmates Abstract Elderly or geriatric prisoners are creating problems for correctional facilities, legislators, as well as state and federal budgets. From 1992 to January 1, 2001, the number of inmates age 50 and older jumped from 41, 586 to 113,358 (Camp & Camp, 1992 – 2001). The aging inmate population in the United States’ federal and state prisons is creating a heavy burden on government resources and budgets. Governments are paying more money to maintain the health and treatment of elderly individuals as opposed to younger inmates. This steady rise in the age of inmates incarcerated throughout the United States can be traced back to an increasing crime rate through the 1980’s and early 1990’s and the “get tough” response by legislating bodies and law enforcement.
Below is the price chart of Garmin from June 2008 to March 2010: (Source: Msn Moneycentral) The company pays an annual dividend of 0.750, which is much higher than the industry’s average. Starting at 1.2 in June 2008, Garmin’s earning per share ratio dropped to 0.240 in March 2009, went up to 1.290 in December 2009, and suddenly dropped to 0.190 in March 2010. The industry’s EPS ratio is unstable, too. Besides, looking at the P/E ratio of the company, we can see a broad range of values. Compared to the industry average, Garmin’s P/E is much smaller, but they both follow the same trend.
With the housing market in the doldrums and the economy teetering on recession, the world-leading hardware and home improvement retailer had to make tough decisions. Ten percent of the 5,000 staffers at headquarters in Atlanta had already been let go. But this broadside at human resources was different and, to some observers, counterintuitive. With more than 330,000 associates and 2,254 stores worldwide, Home Depot continues to face daunting challenges in retention and gaps in worker training and expertise. Its customer service ratings significantly lag those of competitors such as Lowe’s.
These eye-popping numbers came about for many reasons: mandatory minimum sentences, three-strikes legislation, illegal drugs, gangs, immorality in all its modern forms, the war on drugs, the decline of marriage and families, high rates of recidivism, incarceration of the mentally ill, the decline of capital punishment, problems with the criminal justice system and all the forces pushing tough crime policies. Difficult economic times focus attention on the increasing costs of keeping all these people - 93% of them men - behind bars. Each prisoner costs about $32,000 per year, and the average prisoner does little to offset the cost of confinement. The social costs may be even higher. Breadwinners are lost, families destroyed, more kids grow up without fathers or mothers, welfare costs increase, the entire sex ratio is thrown out of balance and prisoners face grim prospects when released.
Planning Commission of India defines it as “a sort of patronage in which the minimum wage is barely enough to cover the living costs of the employee and relation between employer and employee is often characterized by unfixed and exploitative payment agreements which benefit for employer”. Forced child labor, commercial sexual exploitation, forced begging and forced marriage. The global slavery index mentioned that “India is undergoing a remarkable 'triple transition', in which economic growth is both driving and is being affected by rapid social and political change. Economic growth has rapidly transformed the country over the past 20 years, including the creation of a burgeoning middle-class. In 1993, some 45 percent of the population were living in poverty; by 2011 that had been reduced to 21 percent.
Revision Why Manage Safely ? • Moral • Legal • Financial • Staff morale • Reduce accidents Consequences of getting it wrong: Magistrates • 6 months in prison • Up to £20,000 Crown Court • Up to 2 years in prison • Unlimited pay out/compensation RIDDOR Reporting injuries, diseases, dangerous occurrences regulations Need to report: • Fatalities • Serious/major injuries • More than 3 days injuries (LTIs) • Occupational diseases (thought to be linked to work) • Dangerous occurrences (near miss) ELI Employer Liability Insurance 5 Million minimum How many killed in the UK in a Year? 220 How many seriously injured at work? 30,000 How many leave workforce each year due to harm suffered at work never to return? 25,000 How many working days do we lose every year due to workplace injuries or ill health?
Breach of an order is a criminal offence and is punishable by a maximum sentence of 6 months in prison. Reducing and preventing crime Around half of all crime is committed by people who have already been through the criminal justice system. The cost to the taxpayer of reoffending is estimated to be £9.5 to £13 billion per year. Reoffending has been too high for too long, despite significant government spending on offender management in the last decade.
Statistical data shows that the previous of the two is most likely the case. “In 2008, the Pew Center on the States reported that incarceration levels had risen to a point where one in 100 American adults was behind bars (States).” In 2009, the study added yet another element and discovered that one in 31 adults in the United States was either incarcerated or on probation or parole. It is possible to say that with the statistical data presented here in regards to incarceration rates being so high, that recidivism rates will be proven to be just as bad. This paper will discuss statistics, possible causes, and both sides of the controversy of recidivism to prove that incarceration does not work towards deterring criminals from committing future crimes. Recidivism rates are hard to calculate when it comes to statistical data, because many crimes go unreported, which does not lead to an actual conviction.
Critical Incident Medication Errors Seth Molin December 14, 2013 HMGT 320 University of Maryland University College Professor Ben Smith Medication errors are a dangerous and costly event. It is estimated that 1 million medication errors happen each year. Additionally, it is estimated that these errors result in approximately 7,000 unnecessary deaths (Binder, L., 2013, September 3). Jeannell Mansur from the Joint Commission International illustrated that “every hospital patient may be subjected to as much as one medication error each day.” In addition to the risk to patient safety these errors produce additional medical costs of an estimated 3.5 billion dollars a year. It is vital that steps be taken to mitigate this preventable critical incident.
The strain of smoking effects on the body often causes years of suffering. Did you know? On average, each cigarette, shortens a smoker’s life by around 11 minutes. It is reported that 42,800 death are from smoking related cancers, 30,600 from cardiovascular disease and 29,100 from other chronic lung diseases. Ladies and gentlemen, The habit of smoking can cost a smoker thousands of ringgit a year.