Assignment: US Supreme Court Case

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1 Final Exam Essays Katherine Keeler Kaplan University PA260-01 Unit 9 May 22, 2012 2 Distinguish between the detention of an individual and the arrest of an individual. What is “stop and frisk” and what is the landmark ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court case that first set forth the law relating to stop and frisks. Sum up the Court's holding in this case. Dentention The detention of an individual occurs when police officers stop a person they believe have been involved in or will commit a crime. The person will be asked to identify themselves and to tell the officer about their presence and activity in a certain area. The individual being detained has to give the officer permission to search them or their vehicles before…show more content…
The process can take a long time or can be very quick. Once an agreement is made, the defense lawyer then will go back to his client to present the deal. The defendant can either accept those charges or turn them down. In some states, the victim is even involved in the negotiations before a defendant can enter into a plea bargain. Once defendant agrees, if he does, then the plea bargain is presented to a judge. If the judge accepts the plea barain and he speaks with the defendant to make sure he/she is making a “knowing and intelligent” plea, then the defendant will be sentenced. If the defendant or judge refuse to enter into a plea then the case is taken to trial. Prosecution Benefits One of the biggest benefits to the prosecution from a plea bargain is that it is an assured conviction. Also, plea bargains allow prosecuters to protect government informants, which most likely have criminal records. The defence could discredit the informant if the case were taken to trial. Flexibility is another benefit to the prosecuter. A deal can be made with the defendant in order to get him or her to give a testimony about a codefendant or to help resolve some other unsolved case. Defendant…show more content…
Taxpayers are the ones that have to pay for the expenses of these cases. Some examples of how expensive a case can be are the Casey Anthony trial and the Lloyd Rayney murder trial. The Casey Anthony case cost taxpayers over seven hundred thousand dollars. The Lloyd Rayney murder trial cost taxpayers over three million dollars. Not only do trials cost taxpayers a lot of money but housing criminals in jails cost them about thirty five dollars a day per criminal. Plea bargains allow for cases to not go to trial and for inmates to get less jail time or sometimes even no jail time, saving taxpayers a lot of

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