In the simplest terms, abortion can be boiled down to two opposing sides. But before one can explore the sides to the argument, it must first be established exactly what abortion is defined as. Marquis states that abortion is any “action intended to bring about the death of a fetus for the sake of the woman who carries it,” (LaFollette 137). Those who argue for Pro-life state that abortion is immoral on the basis that the fetus is considered a human being from the moment conception. Notable philosophers like Marquis identify as pro-life because of their views of the personhood of the fetus while Warren identifies as pro-choice.
I believe that abortion is the wrong choice except in cases of incest, rape, and to save the life of the mother.” (Romney, 2005) Like Republican candidate for President Mitt Romney, Pro-lifers have many beliefs, these include: all life is sacred; if an abortion is immoral - then it ought to be illegal, the unborn fetus is human and deserves rights, life begins at conception, abortions are not safe, they do not believe that the government should fund abortions, and they believe that the scripture backs up their views. Pro-lifers also believe that the Roe v. Wade decision, legalizing abortion on demand in America, was one of the most important and devastating Supreme Court
There are many viewpoints on the topic, pro-life and pro-choice, and sometimes people will disagree with others in their own category. Judith Jarvis Thomson assumes, in her essay A Defense of Abortion, that a fetus is a human being from the moment of conception. She does not state she believes this, but uses it as a premise for her argument on why and when abortion should be permitted. She uses analogies to illustrate why, in times of rape and failed contraception, abortion should be allowed. Mary Anne Warren, in her essay On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, talks about one of Thomson’s analogies and refutes it.
She argues that even if the fetus is a person, it doesn't simply follow that abortion is wrong. But she goes on to argue that even if the fetus is not a person, it doesn't follow that abortion is simply acceptable in all circumstances. She points out a characteristic feature of the abortion debate: foes of abortion point to supposed sufficient conditions of personhood that fetuses have; advocates of abortion rights point to supposed necessary conditions of personhood that fetuses lack. "These both presuppose that the concept of a person can be captured in a strait jacket of necessary and sufficient conditions." English claims, “person” is a cluster concept.
In contrast, those on the Pro Choice side believe that abortion should be legal. They feel that individuals should have the right to choose what happens with their body. In addition, they argue that abortion is not murder due to the baby not being fully developed. I agree with Pro Life activists because they think that abortion should be considered murder. They consider a baby a human as soon as conception occurs.
Despite Natural Law forbidding abortion, there is a doctrine of double effect that can be implemented. If the mother’s life is threatened as a result of the pregnancy, for instance during an ectopic pregnancy, then the destruction of the fallopian tube would be acceptable. Here, the primary aim is not the terminate the pregnancy but to save the mother’s life. The secondary effect is that the embryo is destroyed. Here, abortion would be permissible even by Natural law followers, who believe in the sanctity of life.
President Obama's view on Abortion was mainly considered pro-choice, which meant that if a woman wanted an abortion, she should be allowed at any time regardless of lack of funding, or pregnancy. Many women have actually preferred to have the choice of having an abortion if they needed
Utilitarianism: The doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority. 2. Peter Singer is trying to promote the point that abortion should be legal, He believes that it should be legal before the embryo has reached eighteen weeks old because before the eighteen weeks the embryo does not experience the sensations of suffering or satisfaction so it does not feel or have the capability of feeling. The definition of life is “the capacity for growth, reproduction, functional
In the case of Roe vs. Wade, the Supreme Court opined that it is the constitutional right of women to abort their unborn children as they see fit (Mikula and Mabunda). Abortion advocates unite regarding the status of a fetus as a non-living being with lifeless properties. They believe that this description remains true until the actual birth of the baby. Another pro-choice opinion is that women must retain their right to abort due to the fallibility of contraceptives. In the online article “Misperceptions About Unplanned Pregnancy,” the difficulty of obtaining birth control is addressed.
Emotional appeals play a huge rule in the abortion debate, it is a main tactic used by those who are “pro-life”, where as reasoned arguments are used more by those who are “pro-choice”. Many pro-life advocates believe that abortion is killing a human being because unborn babies are human beings from the moment of conception (procon), they believe that the fetus feels pain during the abortion procedure, and abortion causes major risks to woman physically and mentally. Pro-choice advocates believe that personhood does not begin till the baby is born (procon), they believe that the fetus is