This dichotomy of the one and the many presents itself in the premises of the two opponents as follows: Anti-abortionist has the outlook that fetuses are people, and abortion equates to murder. While, on the other hand, the pro-choicer are proponents of the ideal of fetuses not being people, thus abortion doesn’t
This means that it considers the act itself and, because it’s absolute, disregards the consequences of the action. It focuses on the intrinsic value of the act and whether it is internally good or not. Applying this to abortion it means that the act of abortion itself would be considered, not the consequences. Therefore abortion would always be wrong, as it doesn’t take into account the outcomes: such as a better life for the mother. Natural law may also disagree with the use of IVF, as it wouldn’t consider the possible outcome of new life created or health benefits from research with spare embryos.
In Islam, there is a very high respect for both the life of a mother and a fetus. Although, a Muslim’s options regarding abortion are divided into two categories: abortion before four months of pregnancy and abortion after four months of pregnancy. Therefore, according to the fifth commandment in Christianity, abortion is forbidden but in Islam, there are exceptions to it depending on the situation the mother may be in. In Catholicism, the killing of a human whether they are born or unborn is wrong and forbidden. The Catholic Church teaches that life is created and begins at the moment of conception and sees abortion as a way of terminating life.
Many individuals believe the woman’s legal right to privacy clashes with the fetus right to life. This provokes the dispute between persons who believe life starts at conception and persons who believe life starts when the fetus is viable and able to live outside of its mother’s womb (Cook, 2004). There are many ethical questions surrounding this issue such as: 1.) Is the fetus considered a human being with rights, 2.) does the woman have ethical responsibilities to the fetus, 3.)
People are not merely a means to an end, but ends themselves. A woman treated as an incubator of a fetus by the law is simply a means to an end, therefore disregarded as a person. There are many misconceptions about abortion. These misconceptions can potentially lead to the loss of women's individual and necessary rights to choose for themselves whether or not they want to bear a child. Most of these common misconceptions can not only be easily identified, but also utterly refuted.
It cannot be held responsible for the deeds of another and should not be punished for those implied deeds. In the prolife view, women who choose, in the face of problematic circumstances, to keep an unwanted pregnancy when abortion is a choice, are "truly" female. (Rose) If a woman is to terminate an unborn fetus’ life society will never know what it could’ve become. He or she could have discovered the cure for cancer or aids, but it would never known, because they never existed. Many Prolifers also believe that abortion goes against the declaration of independence.
Bias, Rhetorical Devices and Argumentation Victoria Sloan Eng 102 12-22-12 Rebecca Huggins The morality of birth control by Margaret Sanger. * What are some examples of bias, fallacies, and specific rhetorical devices in the speech you selected? -Some examples of being bias from the article would be for example, overpopulation is a menace to the peace of the world. This is a great example because it is showing an opinion and stating something that can be argued. An example of fallacies from the article would be, when or if you take away birth control more women will get pregnant and our world will indeed over populate.
In A Defense of Abortion, Judith Thomson defends the permissibility of abortion by appealing to several thought experiments, the most prevalent of which is the famous violinist thought experiment. Through the portrayal of this specific experiment, Thomson is best able to show why abortion is sometimes morally permissible. Thomson starts off by challenging the typical anti-abortion argument, which is essentially two assertions followed by the conclusion that the fetus may not be killed. Furthermore, Thomson makes it clear that the typical anti-abortion argument cannot justify the idea that all abortion is morally impermissible. In effect, all Thomson has to do to show that having an abortion is sometimes morally permissible is to prove the anti-abortion argument to be, either in part or whole, flawed or ineffectual.
Abortion has been one of the most controversial issues throughout modern day applied ethics. Thomson’s ‘violinist’ argument has been one of the most influential analogies for abortion and counters Don Marquis’ ‘future like ours’ argument against abortion. However, Marquis’ argument is more ethically moral as opposed to Thomson’s argument. Throughout this essay I will firstly outline Judith Jarvis Thomson’s “violinist” argument. Secondly, I will present Don Marquis’ “future like ours” argument.
When does life start? 3. What is the societal implication of abortion? Most Catholics and Protestants would agree that abortion is unacceptable on the grounds that humans are made in God's image and therefore it is a grave sin to kill anything human (Christians therefore believe all humans are equal in value). They provide evidence for the idea that life starts at conception with biblical quotes like "the days ordained to me were written in your book before one even came to be" and "your eyes saw my unformed body" suggesting that our personhood in God's view starts at as soon as the egg is fertilised.