* * * * * Research Process and Terminology * ME * CJA/334 * March 5, 2014 * Dennis Dougan * Research Process and Terminology * How will this new terminology and knowledge apply to a career in criminal justice? Essentially, understanding the terminology that is associated with a specific career path is important because of the use it gets in the line of work. In criminal justice and other social science careers, the terminology carries over and without understanding it completely, terminology can hinder research capabilities as well as understanding previous research materials. Although different criminal justice careers have their own terminology based on their line of work, the research terminology is nearly universal. How can not knowing the proper terminology affect you as you conduct criminal justice research?
Lacking proper terminology while conducting criminal justice research can be very detrimental to a person’s work, advancement, and career. When an individual is evaluating and analyzing research studies, knowing the terminology associated, will make it easier to complete. Within the research process there are many steps to be completed to be successful. In a criminal justice career some general steps in research are problem formulation, research design, data collection methods, analysis, and presentation of findings, and conclusions, interpretations, and limitations (Hagan, p. 19). Some of the new terminologies obtained from studies in the criminal justice profession are terms such as “Research shock, researchese, concepts, operationalization, dependent and independent variables, theories, and hypothesis (Hagan, p. 15).
Knowing others strengths in an online learning environment helps me understand how they think. When I receive feedback from others I will understand their method of thinking. Their experience helps me to think differently for myself. CONCULSION Remember, these resources can only be successful if practiced. These tools have helped me in my educational journey as of yet.
What are the problems with non-interrogatory forms of evidence? Choose two forms of non-interrogatory evidence to discuss. Having enough evidence is key in charging, prosecution and finally conviction of criminals, unfortunately most cases result in the police needing and wanting more evidence. Due to insufficient evidence the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) will not be pursued cases further, even if the police believe they have the right suspect. However there are other types of evidence collection apart from that of questioning, which falls under the title of non-interrogatory forms of evidence such as surveillance and scientific evidence.
It also restricts or prohibits the use of certain evidence in sexual offense cases. Conclusion It is important to know the terminology of research in criminal justice because you will have to read reports and if you do not understand what is being written you cannot effectively do your job. Effective research can assist with opening or closing of cases. Using incorrect terms or incorrect information in research can be harmful to the outcome of the question or situation at hand. The credibility of evidence relies often on the handlers, examiners, experts and presenters.
It will also help him understand what specific questions he needs to ask and the level of details he needs for completing research. Without agreeing the deadline of research the researcher would not know when to complete the research and that researcher would not get all the needed information on time and the research could not be completed right. 2. Identify the different ways of researching, organising and reporting information. Research: • We need to understand
They can hardly rest until they have things settled and decided. But before they decide anything, they must do the research. Masterminds are highly theoretical, but they insist on looking at all available data before they embrace an idea, and they are suspicious of any statement that is based on shoddy research, or that is not checked against reality.” I can agree with the above. Whenever I need to make a decision about something whether it is on the job or in my personal life, I always do research and investigate. Things have to make sense in my own mind before I make a decision.
Our team found that we did not agree with those professionals who chose to commit crimes. We felt that those in our examples had the means that they needed and were being greedy. These were not values that our team found to be important. Ethics will always be a greatly debated subject because there are so many grey areas and differing opinions on what values support those ethics. It is key to an organization to have a
Other qualitative data collection method under Qualitative Design includes Participant Observation and focus group. The following are challenges faced with participant observation and the strategy to be deployed to overcome this. • Time consumption is a big challenge and this is mitigated by involving researchers who already possess a solid base of cultural awareness of the region or ethnography under study to be among the data collection team. • Challenge of data documentation and this is mitigated by strict discipline and diligence to expand researcher recorded thought or observation. • The objectivity in documenting researcher observation because this process is inherently subjective.
Moreover, this technique of testing was often utilized on individuals applying for employment in fields that required a high level of ability in dealing with others. The Thematic Apperception Test was also developed to help people understand their own personality in greater depth and build on that knowledge in making important life decisions. It was also used on murder suspects to expose fears, aggression and needs (Mental Disorders, 2014). Although this test can be suitable to gain a very broad idea of an individual’s personality and attitudes, it is not a useful test to indicate if someone is suitable for a type of career or if they have suffered through a traumatic experience. The TAT test although still used today lacks in validity.