It also restricts or prohibits the use of certain evidence in sexual offense cases. Conclusion It is important to know the terminology of research in criminal justice because you will have to read reports and if you do not understand what is being written you cannot effectively do your job. Effective research can assist with opening or closing of cases. Using incorrect terms or incorrect information in research can be harmful to the outcome of the question or situation at hand. The credibility of evidence relies often on the handlers, examiners, experts and presenters.
Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation The criminal justice system is persistently regulating methods to safeguard and help a shifting civilization. This article assesses, recognizes and measures current upcoming and up-to-date trends upsetting the criminal justice system. Last but not least, it explains the standards of the coordination within a shifting civilization. A current trend that distresses the United States criminal justice system stands to be technology; this contributes to shorten periods of investigations and makes the examination of corruption harder, predominantly high technology delinquency including the knowledge of computers and infrastructures expertise can be a trend to slow the investigations. Simply one of
Communication plays a big role in our society and depending on who is involved and what is said, the communication channel can be disrupted by how it was interpreted. When communicating effectively, we need to think about who we are communicating the message to and how we can convey it in a way that will be most efficient. In the criminal justice field there are different types or styles of messages most often communicated. We will discuss the different types and the way or direction in which each of these messages is communicated within the criminal justice system. According to University of Phoenix Effective Communication for Criminal Justice Professionals (2004), “the blaming style basically attempts to find fault or to ascribe blame for
It is imperative for case managers to use intervention practices that will prevent risks, reduce the negative behavior, and promote productivity and success. Intervention practices are included in case management plans because they serve as actions to improve life situations. The concept with helping clients in the criminal justice is complex because each person is different and unique, so therefore, the treatment and services have to be different to promote success. In order for clients to change their behavior, they must change their way of thinking. References Freeman, D. W. 2001.
Now it needs to figure out if it wants to be effective. We now live in a world where information moves faster than we can assess its value, and this is especially true in times of panic, disaster, and crisis. While an active terrorist investigation might not be the best place to allow candidate with no training be a detective, but, there are certainly situations where they can be helpful. We each have the potential to play a role in being guardians of public safety, but this requires from us a large degree of focus, caution, and care. Ultimately, these are the things which separate an empowered crowd from a raging
Running Head: cognitive restructuring theory Cognitive Restructuring Theory Lynn Todd CTU Online CJUS343-1201A-04: Criminology Professor Stacey Haug January 22, 2012 Cognitive restructuring is an expression normally used to define approaches that try to change the way criminals’ reason. We use the phrase “cognitive restructuring” because it is inclined to sound highly educated and better reflected rather than saying, “pondering more helpful decisions”. The term cognition is merely an alternative word for thought (Strayhorn, 2003). Although cognitive restructuring has relevance in areas other than the therapy of criminals, its precise objective in a criminal perspective is the deterrence of impending potential criminal behavior. Cognitive restructuring techniques commonly center on producing a confident self-image, encouraging constructive social interactions, and removing thought deformations (mistakes in reasonableness or points of view).
There are many different important parts when any individual is describing the research process with in criminology as well as being familiar with the criminal justice research methods terminology as well. Having the knowledge of proper terminology can be very useful when evaluating, and analyzing research studies or data. To not understand the proper terminology and the basic information while conducting any type of research can and will affect the researchers report in which can turn into the wrong information on the study or data that needs to be collected. There are a lot of things that could go wrong if any researcher does not fully understand what needs to be understood. When researchers fully understand all terminology and are more
In the academic literature there are two famous culture-related M&A problems - “liability of foreignness” formulated by Zaheer in his paper of 1995 and “double-layered acculturation” suggested in 1996 paper by Barkema et al. The main idea behind these papers is that companies who follow an M&A deal may meet significant obstacles in the form of differences in business practices, legal systems, languages and customs at double levels, introducing new liabilities, which ultimately may prevent a company from realizing its strategic objectives. Additionally, asymmetry of information that a company may encounter in foreign markets may make it difficult to study a new market in the correct way. Depending on the degree of required integration, there could arise other principal issues such as conflicts originated from cultural stereotypes, nationalism and even racism (Stahl and Voigt, 2005). Therefore, the rapid increase in cross-boarder M&A transactions is accompanied by growing popularity of cultural due diligence and greater interest to the “cultural distance” hypothesis.
Another benefit would also be having a first- hand account of what an individual who could give testimony of what was seen or experienced. Basic human error, biased opinions, and emotions are some of the disadvantages to eyewitness testimonies. Another disadvantage is how line-ups are being conducted; but the worst disadvantage is the difficulty of witnesses trying to identify perpetrators from other ethnic groups or races. Our view and reliability on the criminal justice system is constantly in a state of change. To what extent will these changes reshape our government and laws?
It is necessary when ethical problems confront social work professionals that the information they have about the dilemma is based on fact and not their own opinion or judgement (Simmons, 2003). The Code states “Ethical decision making can be complex. It requires time for critical reflection and should involve all those with an interest in the outcome of the decision” (Code of Ethics, 2010) (page #). It has been indicated by Anonymous 2015, that organisations can be to statistically driven and the time required for critical reflection as mentioned above can be limited due to the high demands from the organisation. Practitioners try to ensure best practice but due to high number of cases, investigations and assessments might not be done thoroughly.