Research Process and Terminology According to Merriam-Webster.com (2012), “the collecting of information about a particular subject” is the definition of research. Terminology is defined as “the technical or special terms used in a business, art, science, or special subject ("," 2012). In the criminal justice field as with many others, the understanding, and use of new terminology is very important. New terminology and knowledge obtained will be useful in a variety of aspects throughout a career in criminal justice. Lacking proper terminology while conducting criminal justice research can be very detrimental to a person’s work, advancement, and career.
These are all extremely important when it comes to the selection process because if you do not abide by these laws you can be in serious trouble. The Title VII Civil Rights Act helps selection specialists to hire a diverse workforce. This law does not allow employers to discriminate on the basis of sex, race, color, religion, or national origin. When going through the selection process it is comforting to know that everyone has to be given a fair chance. This chapter goes into detail on these laws and what they do to protect people, specifically when it comes to selection.
Running Head: Police Discretion Position Paper Police Discretion Position Paper John Doe CJA 333 June 11, 2011 Instructor’s Name Here An important aspect of policing is the use of discretion. Discretion is decision making when dealing with situations that has no clear rule of action. Criminal laws do not specify every circumstance. However, law enforcement train to use the right discretion for situations they may encounter. Problems could come up when officers are on the work scene, and encounter specific situations where they lack proper training.
Answer such questions as: “Why is it important to conduct the study or carry on the assignment?” Provide specifics so that the readers see the importance of your project. Problem Statement Include a clear statement that outlines details of the proposed research. Elaborate on the problem. Purpose/Objective of the Research State what you propose to do about the problem, how you plan to help the readers take advantage of the opportunity and how you intend to help tham with the situation. Research Questions List questions that you need to find answers to.
Copyright issues have always been a challenge as it relates to digitization. According to Rosati, institutions which digitize their records and disseminate said information to their users must consider copyright-related issues before doing so (4). Bandi, Angadi and Shivarama all stated that copyright issues raise serious concerns and as such records managers must consider these issues before embarking on digitization (6). While digitization benefits an organization or records units in providing unlimited access to information, records managers must be vigilant when choosing materials to be digitized. According to Igbeka and Olga, digitization of paper-based materials is the re-production of someone else’s intellectual product.
The Tanglewood response is to create a new and better interview protocol that can be used across the chain. Given the problem of low standardization, lack of guidelines, and the general knowledge of research on interviews in the staffing services department, it has been decided that a structured interview will be needed. Donald Penchiala has provided you with several directives for writing structured interview questions. He provided them to you in the form of a list as follows: • The best interview questions have several key qualities. First, they are broad enough to actually allow variability in answers; in other words, not every applicant gives the same answers.
Assess the strengths and limitations of using unstructured interviews as means of investigating domestic violence [15 marks] Unstructured interviews are a research method favoured by interpretivists, due to the qualitative, in depth and personal data that they produce. Where they excel in the authenticity of their research however, they lack in practicality, reliability and representativeness, the qualitative nature of the data produced contradicts quantitative research methods favoured by positivists. The sensitive and victim centred nature of domestic violence seems to be appropriate for this research method, a participant is unlikely to produce personal and sensitive information in a rigid style questionnaire or interview. In terms of validity unstructured interviews excel in investigating domestic violence, the flexibility that they offer allows participants to delve into extremely personal and unexpected areas in their responses, due to the traumatic nature of the issue at hand. This gives the interviewer invaluable data on the causes and consequences of domestic violence, allowing them to begin to construct trends after several interviews.
Variables within data both quantitative and qualitative must be approached from an unbiased perspective aimed at seeking relevancy to these clients. Demonstrated empirical findings, which challenge construct and methodologies, help establish validity and support towards a theoretic approach. The goal of the scholar-practitioner within this research setting is to identify and elaborate on singular methods within research findings and establish relevancy. Through the use of empirical data, relevancy towards these inquiries provides qualitative data in support or refutation of their means. It is therefore critical that the scholar-practitioner limit or reduce bias by establishing their unique intellectual traditions (Laureate, n.d.).
Research Process Criminal justice professionals may appreciate that similar to catching a criminal, there are several methods or approaches to conducting research. Methods to the research process may differ considerably in the range covered by a study, the manner in which data is collected, and the overall procedure. While this may be true about the research process, one author suggests that it is common for research methods, predominantly quantitative studies, to follow a general process. Hagan’s (2010) study found the following: 1. Problem formulation.
Its relevance can be categorized under; Law And Concepts As work in sociology of law has progressed, it has put into new perspective many of the most time honoured concepts held by legal scholars e.g. concept of discretion which refers to the latitude legal officials have in deciding cases. Discretion traditionally is seen to introduce a significant measure of unpredictability in the legal system and it is also supposed to be the cause of much deviation in legal processing. The traditional understanding is inaccurate and constitutes a myth about how legal systems operate. It is undoubted that the sociology of law has significance in our understanding of any legal concept.