But in contrast there are very different at the same time. The crime control model is used in the criminal justice system for the prevention of crime. The crime control does not exclude that is possible to make a mistake, but based on the circumstances of the laws, the person is considered guilty until her or she is proven innocent. This model is based on old fashion laws which allow rapid and speedy convictions despite the mitigating factors of the case and the victim. The results, of the crime control model are wrongful convictions, being over-turned and this is a major downfall in the criminal justice system.
Include any important potential economic, social, or political pressures, and exclude inconsequential facts. | Law enforcement officials have the responsibility to determine if the offense is grave enough that it requires apprehension of the offender based on probable cause. In this case however, the individual was driving under the influence so he is risking the lives of those around him and the he is also putting his own life in danger. He is also breaking the law, morally and ethically, the individual should immediately go to jail but there must be a trial first. The officers must have enough probable cause or sufficient evidence to validate the arrest of the offender.
Mr. Beccaria and other members of the Classical School fought for punishment to be set by legislative instead of judges having all of the authority for punishment. The members of the Classical School of Thought believed that preventing crime was more important than punishing the criminal. When criminals know what the punishment is going to be for the crimes that they are going to commit it will help to deter the crimes from being committed. When people do commit crimes the crime is done of their own free will. This procedure of knowing the punishment with it being severe to the
It is an essential value for officers to maintain even if they are trying to fit into the subculture of law enforcement. Much corruption in police departments has been the result of officers compromising integrity. Another of my important values is honesty. Honesty is a very important part of our personal and professional lives. Being dishonest can break down relationships and harm the community as a whole.
Employee rights are in place for the protection of both the violent employee an employee victim and a regular employee. If the accused violent employee is guilty, it is up to the procedures, policies, and active laws we have in place currently to determine the appropriate charge and course of action needed to take place. Because of these policies, laws and procedures, employee rights gives the accused violent employee a chance to prove their innocence if wrongly convicted. No matter what, we are only human and mistakes do happen. Therefore, rights should not be forfeited no matter the case.
Other questions that I will also talk about are how to reduce ethical problems in an investigation, what prosecution problems could arise and what ethical issues are related to the prosecution. What are the specific ethical considerations that need to be addressed when investigating the specific crime? When an investigator is investigating a rape, he or she would need to be very sympathetic and try to understand that the victim is going through a horrific incident. The investigator must be very careful when asking the victim questions about the rape and the suspect/suspects and not to assume anything. This information could be used as evidence later when it goes to trial in court.
Simpson case is vital to the study of criminal justice and prosecution being that the restrictions that were obvious in the testimonies of the witnesses and evidence. As a consequence incorrect verdicts were made regarding the case for the reasons that there was evidence that could not be used like the blood samples and the detectives that gave testimonies that were ambiguous. Furthermore, before any case is taken to trial the state and the defense need to be absolutely certain that they have sufficient evidence in order to maintain their case, especially since a case can be dismissed based on the prima facie evidence provided. Studying this case has certainly changed my perspective because it was obvious that more was needed to be accomplished previous to closing remarks were
In the last case they would not only be perverting the course of justice but could also incriminate an innocent person. It is important to appreciate how much notice the average person takes of a situation and how accurately they remember and interpret the facts. This report will involve an in-depth investigation into each of the issues mentioned previously. It will reach a conclusion as to whether or not eye-witness testimony should be abolished completely or is still a crucial part of the criminal justice
This first step requires complete background information on the victim, all available forensic information, and any and all crime scene and case information gathered thus far by the police. However, it is vital that none of the case information pertaining to possible suspects is included, this information could subconsciously bias the profiler, and cause the profile generated to directly point to one of the selected suspects. For the background information, the report should cover domestic setting, employment, reputation, habits, fears, physical condition, personality, criminal history, family relationships, hobbies, and social conduct. The forensic data should also be very in depth including autopsy reports, toxicology reports, autopsy photographs, photos of wounds, the ME's findings, estimated time of death, cause of death, type of weapon, and suspected sequence of delivery of wounds (dragonnet 6). All of this information can allow the investigator to determine factors such as, the degree of control by the offender, how risky it was for the offender to hit his target, his emotional state, and the offender's experience and sophistication as a
Methods to prevent corruption will then be explored, such as more rigorous recruitment procedures and the reinforcement of the motivation to do what is right. Lastly, it will be explored why in fact it is so hard to reduce corruption in the police force and subsequently why it will never go away. Before it can be examined why police corruption occurs, it must first be defined, what police corruption means, as there are many widely accepted definitions. Punch as cited in Palmer (1992: 103) defines corruption as, “When an officer receives or is promised significant advantage or reward…for doing something that he is under a duty to do anyway, that he is under a duty not to do, for exercising legitimate discretion for improper reasons and for employing illegal means to achieve approved goals.” Barker and Wells as cited in Palmer (1992:104) offer a similar definition, “Police corruption is any prescribed act which involves the misuse of the officer’s official position for actual or expected material reward or gain.” (For a more detailed explanation of corruption, see Ivkovic 2003:595). As a part of their job, police are given a number of rights and powers, such as the ability to exercise discretion.